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Wilson v. Williams

United States District Court, D. South Carolina

September 11, 2019

John Ervin Wilson, Jr., a/k/a John Wilson, a/k/a John E. Wilson, # 295493, Plaintiff,
v.
Warden Williams, Defendant.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          Bristow Marchant, United States Magistrate Judge

         On August 16, 2019, Plaintiff filed a motion for a preliminary injunction. Planitff seeks an order requiring a return of his “medical shoes” to him, which Plaintiff contends were seized by prison officials.

         With respect to any claim for injunctive relief, such relief is an extraordinary remedy which will not be granted unless there is a clear showing of entitlement to relief. The Real Truth About Obama, Inc. v. Federal Election Commission, 575 F.3d 342, 346-347 (4th Cir. 2009), judgment vacated on other grounds, 559 U.S. 1089 (2010); see Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Counsel, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 19-20 (2008); Stuhlbarg Int'l Sales Co., Inc., v. John D. Brush & Co., Inc., 240 F.3d 832, 839 n. 7 (9th Cir. 2001)). In order to obtain such relief, a Plaintiff must establish: 1) the likelihood that the Plaintiff will succeed on the merits; 2) the likelihood of irreparable harm to the Plaintiff if the injunction is not granted; 3) that the balance of equities tips in his favor; and 4) the injunction is in the public interest. Winter, 555 U.S. at 20. All four requirements must be satisfied. The Real Truth About Obama, Inc., 575 F.3d at 346. Further, to obtain relief Plaintiff must demonstrate more than the “possibility” of irreparable harm, because the Supreme Court has held that standard is “inconsistent with our characterization of injunctive relief as an extraordinary remedy that may only be awarded upon a clear showing that the Plaintiff is entitled to such relief.” The Real Truth About Obama, Inc., 575 F.3d at 346 (citing Winter, 555 U.S. at 19-22).

         With respect to the first factor under Winter, Plaintiff has failed to show a likelihood of success on his claim, as it appears to be a disagreement between Plaintiff and the medical professionals and/or prison officials at the prison with respect to his medical care, which is not cognizable under § 1983. Lamb v. Maschner, 633 F.Supp. 351, 353 (D.Kan. 1986). To the extent Plaintiff makes a deliberate indifference claim, he will be able to litigate the underlying merits of his claim as part of his prosecution of this lawsuit.

         As to the second factor under Winter, Plaintiff has not made a clear showing that he is likely to be irreparably harmed if preliminary relief is denied. Rather, he merely makes a conclusory statement of harm. See Direx Israel, Ltd. v. Breakthrough Med. Corp., 952 F.2d 802, 812 (4th Cir. 1991) [holding that a court will not grant a preliminary injunction unless the plaintiff first makes a “clear showing” that he will suffer irreparable injury without it, and that the harm “must be neither remote nor speculative, but actual and imminent”]. Indeed, the filings of the parties show a clear dispute as to whether the shoes at issue are even medical footwear.

         Third, Plaintiff has not shown that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and finally, Plaintiff has not shown that an injunction is in the public interest. See Nicholas v. Ozmint, No. 05-3472, 2006 WL 2711852, * 5 (D.S.C. Sept. 20, 2006); see also Winter, 555 U.S. at 20 [“In exercising their sound discretion, courts of equity should pay particular regard for the public consequences in employing the extraordinary remedy of injunction”].

         Therefore, it is recommended[1] that Plaintiffs motion for a preliminary injunction be denied.

         The parties are also referred to the Notice Page attached hereto.

         Notice of Right to File Objections to Report and Recommendation

         The parties are advised that they may file specific written objections to this Report and Recommendation with the District Judge. Objections must specifically identify the portions of the Report and Recommendation to which objections are made and the basis for such objections. “[I]n the absence of a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a Defendants' Exhibit novo review, but instead must ‘only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.'” Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310 (4th Cir. 2005) (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 72 advisory committee's note).

         Specific written objections must be filed within fourteen (14) days of the date of service of this Report and Recommendation. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); see Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a), (d). Filing by mail pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 5 may be accomplished by mailing objections to:

Robin L. Blume, Clerk
United States District ...

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