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Garrett v. Richardson

United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Rock Hill Division

April 11, 2019

Robert Louis Garrett, Jr., Plaintiff
Franklin Richardson; Rogers; and McBride, Defendants.



         Plaintiff Robert Louis Garrett, Jr. (Garrett) brought this pro se action alleging violations of his constitutional rights while incarcerated in the South Carolina Department of Corrections (“SCDC”). This matter is before the court on Garrett's Motion for Preliminary Injunction (ECF No. 106) and Motion for Hearing on the Preliminary Injunction (ECF No. 109). Also before the court are numerous motions by the parties regarding default judgment and seizure of assets. ECF Nos. 58, 59, 81, 87, 88, 89.

         In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Civil Rule 73.02 (B)(2)(d), D.S.C., the matter was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Paige J. Gossett for pre-trial proceedings. On December 14, 2018, the Magistrate Judge issued an Order and Report and Recommendation (“Report”) regarding Garrett's motions for default judgment. ECF No. 113. The Magistrate Judge also issued a Report recommending Garrett's motion for preliminary injunction be denied. ECF No. 114. The Magistrate Judge advised the parties of the procedures and requirements for filing objections to the Report and the serious consequences if they failed to do so. After several extensions of time, Garrett filed objections on March 18, 2019. ECF Nos. 149, 150. Defendants have not replied to Garrett's objections.

         1. Standard

         The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objection is made, and the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or recommit the matter to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The court reviews only for clear error in the absence of an objection. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (stating that “in the absence of a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must ‘only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.'”) (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 72 advisory committee's note).

         2. Discussion

         a. Default

         The Magistrate Judge recommends dismissing Defendant McBride and denying Garrett's motion for default judgment as to McBride, as he was not properly served and the time to do so has expired. ECF No. 113 at 2. The Report also recommends granting Defendant Richardson's and Rogers' motions to set aside default, finding they have shown good cause and should be granted relief. Id. at 3. The Report reasons Defendants “acted promptly and with reasonable diligence in responding shortly” after default was entered, have “presented potential meritorious defenses, ” a “reasonable explanation detailing their failure” to respond, and there is no indication of prejudice to Garrett. Id. at 3-4.

         Garrett objects, arguing Defendant McBride should not be dismissed because Garrett “is entitled to rely on the service by the U.S. Marshals and should not be penalized for failure of the Marshal Service to properly effect service of process, where such failure is through no fault of the litigant/plaintiff.” ECF No. 150 at 2. He contends “someone” at the SCDC's Office of General Counsel lied about SCDC not being able to find Defendant McBride in their system. Id. Garrett states he attempted to obtain information required for service through other avenues. Id. at 3. Garrett also asserts he provided new USM-285 forms for McBride, with full name and SCDC employee identification number, on December 14, 2018. Id.

         As to Defendants Richardson and Rogers, Garrett argues he filed motions for default judgment in September 2018, and default judgment should have been “immediately entered.” Id. at 5. Instead, he argues, the delay allowed Defendants to file motions to set aside entry of default. He also argues the Magistrate Judge erred in not considering his reply and in not recognizing the “inconsistencies, fraud, and deception littered throughout Richardson's motion.” Id. at 6. He also contends he has and continues to suffer prejudice by having to continue to litigate this case and requests the court decline to adopt the Report. Id. at 8-9.

         The court finds Garrett has presented good cause for the delay in service on Defendant McBride and therefore the time for service should be extended. Garrett states service was attempted twice at SCDC's Office of General Counsel, but SCDC was unable to locate McBride in their systems to accept service. Although the court does not find SCDC “lied” about McBride's status, as Garrett suggests, it is clear Garrett attempted proper service and diligently followed up when the initial method of service was unsuccessful. Garrett also asserts he now has McBride's full name and SCDC employee identification number. The court will direct the Clerk of Court to issue the summons and forward copies of this order, the summons, the Complaint, and the Form USM-285 at ECF No. 122 to the United States Marshal for service of process on Defendant McBride.

         The court agrees with the Report, however, that default as to Defendant Richardson should be set aside as he has shown good cause. See Colleton Preparatory Acad., Inc. v. Hoover Universal, Inc., 616 F.3d 413, 417 (4th Cir. 2010) (“When deciding whether to set aside an entry of default, a district court should consider whether the moving party has a meritorious defense, whether it acts with reasonable promptness, the personal responsibility of the defaulting party, the prejudice to the party, whether there is a history of dilatory action, and the availability of sanctions less drastic. . . . We have repeatedly expressed a strong preference that, as a general matter, defaults be avoided and that claims and defenses be disposed of on their merits.”). Defendant Richardson has presented potential meritorious defenses, acted fairly promptly in moving for relief from default, and does not have personal responsibility for the delay. Further, there is no history of dilatory action and the court does not see prejudice to Garrett in litigating his claims on the merits. See Id. at 419 (“[N]o cognizable prejudice inheres in requiring a plaintiff to prove a defendant's liability . . .”). Garrett attempts to question SCDC's procedure in defending cases such as this, and requests the court liberally construe his filings due to his pro se status and documented mental health problems. ECF Nos. 85, 150. However, this does not address Richardson's good cause for setting aside default. The court accordingly sets aside entry of default as to Defendant Richardson.

         The court further finds the entry of default should be set aside as to Defendant Rogers. Rogers filed a “Motion for Extension of Time to File Answer” on November 15, 2018. ECF No. 89. He explained the Summons and Complaint were improperly served at his place of residence because they were given to a non-resident visitor at the residence. Id. at 1. Further, he argues excusable neglect as he misunderstood the papers to be related to another pending lawsuit and was unaware of this matter until contacted by SCDC legal counsel. Id. at 2. Rogers filed an Answer on November ...

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