Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Polley v. Wright

United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Florence Division

March 22, 2019

Kenneth Polley, #307951, Plaintiff,
v.
Chuck Wright, Major Freeman, Captain Hayes, and John and Jane Does, Defendants.

          ORDER AND OPINION

         This matter is before the court for review of the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation (“Report”), filed on February 6, 2019, recommending that Plaintiff Kenneth Polley's Complaint (ECF No. 1) be dismissed. (ECF No. 13.) Plaintiff, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging Defendants Chuck Wright, Major Freeman, Captain Hayes, and John and Jane Does (collectively, “Defendants”) violated his constitutional rights. (ECF No. 1.) The Report recommends that the court dismiss the Complaint with prejudice. (ECF No. 13.) For the reasons stated herein, the court ACCEPTS the Report (ECF No. 13), incorporating it herein, and DISMISSES the Complaint (ECF No. 1) with prejudice.

         I. FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

         The court concludes upon a careful review of the record that the factual and procedural summation in the Magistrate Judge's Report is accurate, and the court adopts this summary as its own. (ECF No. 13.) The court will only recite facts pertinent to the analysis of Plaintiff's Objections. (ECF No. 16.)

         Plaintiff is currently a pre-trial detainee at the Spartanburg County Detention Center, where he has been since May 25, 2018. (ECF No. 1.) Plaintiff filed his Complaint on December 12, 2018, alleging a violation of his constitutional rights under the First, Fifth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. (ECF No. 1) On January 25, 2019, Plaintiff amended his Complaint. (ECF No. 8.) On February 6, 2019, the Magistrate Judge issued his Report recommending the court dismiss Plaintiff's Amended Complaint with prejudice. (ECF No. 13.) In this Report, the Magistrate Judge addressed Plaintiff's Amended Complaint and determined that Plaintiff still failed to allege facts supporting his claim of constitutional violations. (Id. at 4.) Plaintiff timely filed his Objections on February 20, 2019. (ECF No. 16.)

         II. LEGAL STANDARD

         The Magistrate Judge's Report is made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Civil Rule 73.02 for the District of South Carolina. The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this court, which has no presumptive weight. See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915, this court must dismiss civil actions filed in forma pauperis if they are frivolous or fail to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. The responsibility to make a final determination remains with this court. See Mathews, 423 U.S. at 270-71. The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objections are made. Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005). The court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or part, the Magistrate Judge's recommendation, or recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. §630(b)(1).

         Objections to a Report and Recommendation must specifically identify portions of the Report and the basis for those objections. Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b). In the absence of specific objections to the Magistrate Judge's Report, this court is not required to provide an explanation for adopting the recommendation. See Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198, 199 (4th Cir. 1983). Rather, “in the absence of a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must ‘only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.'” Diamond, 416 F.3d at 315 (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 72 advisory committee's note). Furthermore, failure to timely file specific, written objections to the Report results in a party's waiver of the right to appeal from the judgment of a district court based upon such recommendation. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985). If a plaintiff fails to properly object because the objections lack the requisite specificity, then de novo review by the court is not required. Diamond, 416 F.3d at 315.

         As Plaintiff is a pro se litigant, the court is required to liberally construe his arguments. Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). The court addresses those arguments that, under the mandated liberal construction, it has reasonably found to state a claim. Barnett v. Hargett, 174 F.3d 1128, 1133 (10th Cir. 1999).

         III. DISCUSSION

         While Plaintiff's Objections provide additional facts in support of his Amended Complaint, Plaintiff's claim still fails to rise to the level of a constitutional violation under 28 U.S.C. § 1983. See Rizzo v. Good, 423 U.S. 362, 371-72 (1976). Under § 1983, a plaintiff must show that he suffered a specific injury resulting from a defendant's conduct and must show an affirmative link between the injury and that conduct. (ECF No. 13 at 3 (citing Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 166 (1985); Rizzo v. Good, 423 U.S. 362, 371-72 (1976).) Plaintiff failed to allege an injury caused by specific conduct, in either his Amended Complaint (ECF No. 8), or his Objections (ECF No. 16).[1] Moreover, Plaintiff's Objections make no reference to the pleading insufficiencies in the Report at all. (See ECF No. 22.) As such, Plaintiff's Objections lack the requisite specificity required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b). Because Plaintiff failed to properly object to the Report with specificity, the court need not conduct a de novo review and instead must “only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.” Diamond, 416 F.3d at 315. The court does not find clear error and accepts the Report by the Magistrate Judge.

         IV. CONCLUSION

         Based on the aforementioned reasons and a thorough review of the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation and the record in this case, the court ACCEPTS the Report (ECF No. 13), incorporating it herein, and DISMISSES the Amended Complaint (ECF No. 8), with prejudice.

         IT ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.