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Brewington v. Davis

United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Florence Division

February 8, 2019

Henry Brewington and Virginia Brewington, individually and d/b/a Levelz Bar & Grill, Plaintiffs,
Melvina Devine Davis and City of Myrtle Beach, Defendants.


          R. Bryan Harwell, United States District Judge.

         Plaintiffs Henry and Virginia Brewington filed this action in state court alleging their nightclub, Levelz Bar & Grill (“Levelz”), was unconstitutionally targeted by the City of Myrtle Beach (“the City”) and others in a campaign designed to shut down undesirable businesses in the Myrtle Beach area. The City removed the action to this Court, and on January 8, 2019, the Court entered a summary judgment order dismissing the federal claims in this case, declining to exercise supplemental jurisdiction, and remanding all state law claims to state court. See ECF No. 104. The Clerk entered the judgment on January 9, 2019, and thirteen days later (January 22), Plaintiffs filed a motion entitled “Motion to Alter or Amend a Judgment or, in the Alternative, Relief from Judgment.” See ECF No. 108. The City filed a response in opposition. See ECF No. 109. The Court denies Plaintiffs' motion for the reasons explained herein.[1]


         Initially, the Court notes Plaintiffs invoke both Fed.R.Civ.P. 59(e) and Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)(2) in their motion. See ECF No. 108 at p. 1. The Fourth Circuit has repeatedly and “squarely held . . . that a motion filed under both Rule 59(e) and Rule 60(b) should be analyzed only under Rule 59(e) if it was filed no later than [28] days after entry of the adverse judgment and seeks to correct that judgment.” Robinson v. Wix Filtration Corp. LLC, 599 F.3d 403, 412 & n.11 (4th Cir. 2010) (emphasis added) (citing Small v. Hunt, 98 F.3d 789, 797 (4th Cir. 1996)); see Dove v. CODESCO, 569 F.2d 807, 809 (4th Cir. 1978) (“[I]f a post-judgment motion is filed within [28] days of the entry of judgment and calls into question the correctness of that judgment it should be treated as a motion under Rule 59(e), however it may be formally styled.” (emphasis added)); see, e.g., Abdul-Sabur v. Virginia, 746 Fed.Appx. 266, 266 n.* (4th Cir. 2018) (“Abdul-Sabur's motion seeking reconsideration of the dismissal order was filed within the 28-day period for filing a motion to alter or amend judgment under Fed.R.Civ.P. 59(e) and is properly treated as such.”). Accordingly, the Court will analyze Plaintiffs' motion under Rule 59(e).[2]

         Rule 59(e) permits a party to file a motion to alter or amend a judgment within twenty-eight days after entry of the judgment. Fed.R.Civ.P. 59(e). “Rule 59(e) motions can be successful in only three situations: (1) to accommodate an intervening change in controlling law; (2) to account for new evidence not available at trial; or (3) to correct a clear error of law or prevent manifest injustice.” United States ex rel. Carter v. Halliburton Co., 866 F.3d 199, 210 (4th Cir. 2017). A party may not use a Rule 59(e) motion to make arguments it could have made before judgment was entered. Pac. Ins. Co. v. Am. Nat. Fire Ins. Co., 148 F.3d 396, 403 (4th Cir. 1998). “[M]ere disagreement does not support a Rule 59(e) motion, ” Hutchinson v. Staton, 994 F.2d 1076, 1082 (4th Cir. 1993), and “reconsideration of a judgment after its entry is an extraordinary remedy which should be used sparingly.” Pac. Ins. Co., 148 F.3d at 403. “[I]f a party relies on newly discovered evidence in its Rule 59(e) motion, the party must produce a legitimate justification for not presenting the evidence during the earlier proceeding.” Id. (internal quotation marks omitted).

         In their motion, Plaintiffs assert the Court erred in not allowing them more “time to provide the Court with additional evidence, ” namely a “new Affidavit provided by Natalie Trota-Litsey”[3] and attached to Plaintiffs' motion. ECF No. 108 at p. 2; see ECF No. 108-1 (affidavit). They contend that “[t]his Court failed to rule on [their] motion for an additional time to provide this information, ” which allegedly “constitutes strong evidence of tortious interference with a contract.” ECF No. 108 at p. 2. Notably, Plaintiffs “concede[] that the acknowledgment by these Plaintiffs that their business was a nuisance[4] is a complication to . . . proceeding on all causes of action except for tortious interference with a contract.” Id. (emphases added)[5] Thus, Plaintiffs appear to seek reconsideration regarding only the disposition of their state law claim for tortious interference with a contract.

         The Court first notes it did in fact rule on Plaintiffs' prior motion seeking additional time to conduct discovery, contrary to their contention above. In a lengthy footnote, the Court denied Plaintiffs' “Motion to Reopen Discovery for a Period of Sixty Days” because they failed to show good cause justifying modification of the discovery deadline. See ECF No. 104 at pp. 18-19 n.22. Importantly, the Court explained that even if good cause did exist, any additional discovery would not affect disposition of Plaintiffs' federal/§ 1983 claims because “‘the continued maintenance of an illegal use or a public nuisance is not a protected property interest' and does not establish any ‘constitutional claims to support a § 1983 action.'” Id. at p. 19 n.22 (quoting Trobough v. City of Martinsburg, 120 F.3d 262, 1997 WL 425688, at *3 (4th Cir. 1997) (collecting cases)).[6] For this same reason, the “new evidence” of the affidavit from Natalie Trota-Litsey (ECF No. 108-1)[7] does not affect the Court's prior ruling regarding Plaintiffs' federal/§ 1983 claims.[8]

         Moreover, the Court notes Plaintiffs appear to have a misunderstanding of what claims were adjudicated on the merits by the Court. The Court only considered the merits of Plaintiffs' federal-not state-claims by concluding (1) they could not pursue a § 1983 action because they had effectively admitted to maintaining a public nuisance by entering into the consent order; (2) their individual due process, taking, and equal protection claims failed for additional reasons; and (3) they could not pursue a Monell[9]claim without a predicate constitutional violation.[10] See ECF No. 104 at pp. 12-18. Having reached these conclusions and having dismissed only the federal/§ 1983 claims on the merits, the Court declined to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state law claims. See Id. at p. 18 (citing 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)(3) and United Mine Workers of Am. v. Gibbs, 383 U.S. 715, 726 (1966)). In short, the Court did not reach the merits of Plaintiffs' state law claim for tortious interference with a contract-instead, that claim was remanded to state court for further proceedings.

         Plaintiffs have not presented a basis for the Court to alter or amend the judgment pursuant to Rule 59(e), and therefore the Court will deny their motion.


         For the foregoing reasons, the Court DENIES Plaintiffs' motion [ECF No. 108].

         IT IS SO ORDERED.


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