Argued: December 7, 2017
from the United States District Court for the Eastern
District of Virginia, at Alexandria. Liam O'Grady,
District Judge. (1:15-cr-00336-LO-1)
Bodner, Fairfax, Virginia, for Appellant.
Michael John Frank, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY,
Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee.
J. Boente, United States Attorney, Patricia T. Giles,
Assistant United States Attorney, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES
ATTORNEY, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee.
WILKINSON, SHEDD, and DIAZ, Circuit Judges.
WILKINSON, CIRCUIT JUDGE.
Maynes raises various assignments of error arising from his
trial and convictions for four counts of sex trafficking by
use of force, fraud, or coercion in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§ 1591(a) and one count of conspiracy to commit sex
trafficking in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 1591(a)
and 1594(c). For the reasons that follow, we affirm the
Maynes was a pimp. He worked with several others in running
his prostitution business, including his girlfriend and two
male relatives. His sex trafficking convictions relate to
four women whom he prostituted.
first woman gave her child to Maynes's girlfriend to care
for while she engaged in commercial sex work, and has not
seen her child since. When she asked to see her son, she was
told that Maynes would decide when she could take time off
from prostitution to see her child. She later received a text
threatening that her son would be taken to Child Protective
Services if she did not send more money to Maynes's
second woman initially met Maynes in Houston, where he told
her that he worked in construction and expressed romantic
interest in her. Maynes suggested moving together to Virginia
to be closer to his family, and she agreed. Once there, she
was surprised to learn that Maynes wanted to prostitute her.
He then refused to let her return home from the motel where
she worked, and thus refused to allow her to see her infant
daughter, unless she met her $1, 500 daily earnings quota.
While she opened a ...