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Taylor v. Pate

United States District Court, D. South Carolina

September 26, 2016

Jimmy R. Taylor, Petitioner,
John R. Pate, Warden, Respondent.


          Bruce Howe Hendricks, United States District Judge

         Petitioner, Jimmy R. Pate, (“Petitioner”), proceeding pro se, filed this application for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (ECF No. 1.) In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.02(B)(2)(d), D.S.C., the action was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Thomas E. Rogers, III, for pretrial handling and a Report and Recommendation (“Report”). Magistrate Judge Rogers recommends that Respondent's Motion for Summary Judgment be granted and Petitioner's § 2254 petition be dismissed. (ECF No. 25.) The Report sets forth in detail the relevant facts and standards of law on this matter and the Court incorporates them without recitation.


         Petitioner filed this action against Respondent alleging ineffective assistance of counsel. On May 5, 2016, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report. On August 15, 2016, Petitioner filed his objections (ECF No. 41), to which Respondent replied on August 22, 2016 (ECF No. 43). Having carefully reviewed the record, the Court finds that the Magistrate Judge has accurately and adequately summarized the disputed and undisputed facts relevant to this action. The Court has reviewed the objections, but finds them to be without merit. Therefore, it will enter judgment accordingly.[1]


         The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to the district court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight. The responsibility to make a final determination remains with the district court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The Court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objection is made, and the Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The Court need not conduct a de novo review when a party makes only “general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate's proposed findings and recommendations.” Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982). In the absence of a timely filed, specific objection, the Magistrate Judge's conclusions are reviewed only for clear error. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005).

         In reviewing these pleadings, the Court is mindful of Petitioner's pro se status. When dealing with a pro se litigant, the Court is charged with liberal construction of the pleadings. See, e.g., De'Lonta v. Angelone, 330 F.3d 630, 633 (4th Cir. 2003). The requirement of a liberal construction does not mean, however, that the Court can ignore a petitioner's clear failure to allege facts that set forth a cognizable claim, or that the Court must assume the existence of a genuine issue of material fact where none exists. See United States v. Wilson, 699 F.3d 789, 797 (4th Cir. 2012).


         Petitioner's objections, while lengthy, are confusing-Petitioner mostly quotes case law and testimony from his trial without any accompanying substantive argument. (ECF No. 41.) However, in an abundance of caution, the Court reviews the findings of the Magistrate Judge de novo.

         The Magistrate Judge found that the one ground raised in the habeas petition is procedurally barred and the Court agrees. The Magistrate Judge provided a detailed procedural history of Petitioner's actions for state post-conviction relief (“PCR”) and subsequent § 2254 petition and correctly found that the allegation raised in Ground One was not ruled upon by the PCR court. (ECF No. 25 at 2-15.) Ground One alleges that trial counsel was ineffective for failing to object to or supplement the State's “recitation of a stipulation” reached in-chambers. (ECF No. 1 at 5.) Although Petitioner raised this claim in the PCR appeal, because it was not specifically ruled upon by the PCR judge, it was unpreserved for PCR appellate purposes and remains unpreserved for habeas review. See, e.g., Green v. Bush, No. CIV.A. 2:14-2405-MGL, 2014 WL 6983352, at *2 (D.S.C. Dec. 10, 2014) (finding a claim procedurally defaulted because, “[a]lthough Petitioner raised this ground in his initial PCR application, the PCR court failed to rule on the issue”); Simpson v. Moore, 627 S.E.2d 701, 708 n.3 (S.C. 2006) (stating that an issue not addressed by the PCR court is not preserved for review on appeal); State v. Moore, 593 S.E.2d 608 (S.C. 2004) (holding an issue must be raised to and ruled upon by the trial court to be preserved for appellate review).

         The Magistrate Judge further correctly found that Ground One fails on the merits, regardless of the procedural bar. (ECF No. 25 at 13-14, n.2 (finding “Petitioner fails to demonstrate that the underlying ineffective assistance of counsel claim is substantial”).) The “stipulation” in this claim refers to an agreement reached between Petitioner's counsel and the solicitor's office while in the trial judge's chambers. At the PCR hearing, Petitioner testified that he understood the agreement to be that “[n]o expert witness would be called that will state what accident-in order to bifurcate or to tell the difference between which accident may have killed the Neelys.” (ECF No. 12-3 at 121.) Although Petitioner asserts that trial counsel failed to object when the solicitor purportedly violated this agreement, the record indicates otherwise.

         At the PCR hearing, trial counsel explained his understanding of the agreement reached in chambers. By way of background, he testified that once he presented the State with the defense theory that the second impact killed the Neeleys, the State informed him that “. . . they were going to have their accident reconstructionist who was basically just a trooper . . . [t]hey were not going to have him testify that the first collision as opposed to the second collision caused the death of the Neeleys.” (ECF No. 12-3 at 183.) In chambers, trial counsel asked the Court for a continuance so that he could bring in an expert to do a momentum study. Instead of granting a continuance, trial counsel testified, the trial judge “allowed us to move forward by suggesting that [the solicitor's] expert would not testify towards which accident caused the death, basically caused the death of the Neeleys. [However, ] once we were in court, despite my objection, [the trial judge] allowed testimony that basically said which accident caused the death of the Neeleys.” (Id.)

         The trial transcript reveals that trial counsel conducted an in camera cross-examination of the solicitor's expert, Lieutenant Ricky Dixon, to determine the scope of his testimony. (ECF No. 12-1 at 323-324.) After cross-examining Lt. Dixon, trial counsel objected to his testimony regarding the reconstruction of the collision. (Id. at 326-328.) Trial counsel argued that such testimony contradicted the agreement he had previously reached with the solicitor's office. (Id. at 327-328.) Specifically, trial counsel argued that the solicitor's office agreed they would not “bring that evidence” as to which car accident caused the Neeley's death. (Id. at 333-334.)

         In response, the Solicitor argued that it was his understanding based on discussions with trial counsel that he “was not going to put a highway patrolman up there, ask them how are they going to die. I'm going to tell you right now I'm not even going to ask that question. . . . But you know, I don't want to necessarily go there because our-our opinion is under the law, of course, it doesn't matter under the law if you ...

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