United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Columbia Division
John S. Stritzinger, Plaintiff,
John Stratton, Verizon Business; Christiana Care; James Clapper, NSC; Diana Gowen, Centurylink; Susan Zeleniak, Verizon Gov; John Spears, ATT; Lockheed Martin; Northrup Grumman; Jack Gallant, U of California Berkley; Terence McAuliffe, Governor Commonwealth of Virginia; Sentara Health Care; Joseph Biden, Vice President of the United States; Wilmer Hale, Brian Boyton, Sr.; Jack Markell, Governor of Delaware; Sr.; Jack Markell, Governor of Delaware; Lewis; David A. Stritzinger; PA State Police; William R. Stritzinger; MD Transit Authority; VA State Police; Louis Freeh; James R. Stritzinger, Jr.; TX State Police; Vernon HC Wright; FL State Police; Federal Bureau of Investigation; MD State Police; DE State Police; Mr. Milch, Defendants.
PAIGE J. GOSSETT, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.
The plaintiff, John S. Stritzinger (“Plaintiff”), a self-represented litigant, filed this action on August 13, 2015. (ECF No. 1.) This matter is before the court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), Local Civil Rule 73.02(B)(2) (D.S.C.) on Plaintiff’s Motion to Reopen. (ECF No. 28.)
Plaintiff moved to conditionally dismiss this case on December 3, 2015. (ECF No. 27.) Plaintiff’s motion indicated he may seek to reopen the case under certain conditions. (Id.) Pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Clerk of Court terminated Plaintiff’s case that day without a court order. On April 5, 2016, Plaintiff filed this Motion to Reopen, in which Plaintiff states that the conditions he noted in his motion to dismiss have occurred, and therefore, he seeks to proceed with the case. (ECF No. 28.) Rule 41 provides:
(a) Voluntary Dismissal.
(1) By the Plaintiff.
(A) Without a Court Order. Subject to Rules 23(e), 23.1(c), 23.2, and 66 and any applicable federal statute, the plaintiff may dismiss an action without a court order by filing:
(i) a notice of dismissal before the opposing party serves either an answer or a motion for summary judgment; or
(ii) a stipulation of dismissal signed by all parties who have appeared.
(B) Effect. Unless the notice or stipulation states otherwise, the dismissal is without prejudice. But if the plaintiff previously dismissed any federal-or state-court action based on or including the same claim, a notice of dismissal operates as an adjudication on the merits.
(2) By Court Order; Effect. Except as provided in Rule 41(a)(1), an action may be dismissed at the plaintiff’s request only by court order, on terms that the court considers proper. If a defendant has pleaded a counterclaim before being served with the plaintiff's motion to dismiss, the action may be dismissed over the defendant’s objection only if the counterclaim can remain pending for independent adjudication. Unless the order states otherwise, a dismissal under this paragraph (2) is without prejudice.
(b) Involuntary Dismissal; Effect. If the plaintiff fails to prosecute or to comply with these rules or a court order, a defendant may move to dismiss the action or any claim against it. Unless the dismissal order states otherwise, a dismissal under this subdivision (b) and any dismissal not under this rule-except one for lack of jurisdiction, improper venue, or failure to join a party under Rule 19-operates as an adjudication on the merits.
Rule 41, Fed.R.Civ.P. The effect of a voluntary dismissal without a court order under Rule 41(a)(1) is that the district court is thereafter deprived of jurisdiction. See Jones, Blechman, Woltz & Kelly, PC v. Babakaeva, 375 F. App’x 349, 350 (4th Cir. 2010) (stating the district court was divested of jurisdiction when the action was terminated by the filing of a motion for voluntary dismissal pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(i)); see also Matthews v. Gaither, 902 F.2d 877, 880 (11th Cir. 1990) (noting that district courts lack jurisdiction over the substance of a case after a Rule 41(a)(1)(i) notice of dismissal is filed). Moreover, a voluntary dismissal under Rule 41(a)(1)(i) is effective at the moment the notice of dismissal is filed, and no action by the court is necessary to execute it. Marex Titanic, Inc. v. Wrecked & Abandoned Vessel 2 F.3d 544, 546 (4th Cir. 1993) (“If the plaintiff files a notice of dismissal before the adverse party serves it with an answer or a motion for summary judgment, the dismissal is available as a matter of unconditional right, and is self-executing, i.e., it is effective at the moment the notice is filed with the clerk and no judicial approval is required.”) (internal quotations and citations omitted).
This case was voluntarily dismissed by Plaintiff without a court order pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1)(i) because the defendants had not yet been served. Therefore, at the moment Plaintiff filed the notice of voluntary dismissal, the case was terminated and this court was divested of jurisdiction. See Jones, 375 F. App’x at 350; Marex Titanic, 2 F.3d at 546. To proceed with ...