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United States v. Mobley

United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Columbia Division

February 18, 2016

United States of America,
v.
Eddie Wilbert Mobley, Defendant.

OPINION AND ORDER

CAMERON MCGOWAN CURRIE SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

This matter is before the court on the Government’s Motion to Dismiss Defendant’s motion for relief, filed in this court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. ECF NO. 279. On December 29, 2015, Defendant filed a letter that included concerns regarding his capacity to enter a guilty plea, construed by this court as directly attacking his conviction and therefore as a motion for relief under § 2255. ECF No. 273. The court advised Defendant of its intention to construe his letter as a § 2255 motion, and notified Defendant that he could either move to withdraw the motion or amend it to include all of the grounds for relief he wished to pursue. ECF No. 274. Defendant then filed an “Amended Letter, Construed by the court herein as a Motion for Change in Sentence.” ECF No. 276. This court entered an Order noting the likely untimeliness of Defendant’s motion, but directing the Government to respond and Defendant to address any bases for equitable tolling of the time period allowed to file a motion under § 2255. ECF No. 277. The Government then filed a Motion to Dismiss Defendant’s § 2255 Petition as untimely (ECF No. 279), and Defendant filed his reply and purported response to the equitable tolling issue. ECF No. 280. For the reasons below, the Government’s Motion to Dismiss is granted, and Defendant’s Motion to Vacate pursuant to § 2255 is dismissed.

I. Background

In November of 2012, Defendant was indicted on one count of conspiracy to commit robbery affecting interstate commerce, a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a); one count of conspiring to possess cocaine with intent to distribute in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1) and 841 (b)(1)(A); one count of possession of cocaine with intent to distribute in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1) and 841 (b)(1); one count of conspiring to use and carry a firearm during the commission of a crime of violence or a drug trafficking crime, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(o); one count of using and carrying a firearm during the commission of a crime of violence or a drug trafficking crime, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 924(c)(1)(A) and 2; and one count of felon in possession of a firearm in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(g)(1) and 924(a)(2), and 924(e).

In February of 2013, Defendant was charged in a superceding indictment with the same crimes as above. On April 3, 2013, Defendant entered a plea of guilty as to counts 1, 5, and 7 of the Superceding Indictment: conspiracy to commit Hobbes Act Robbery, using and carrying a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence or drug trafficking crime, aiding/abetting, and felon in possession of a firearm and ammunition.

On July 10, 2013, Defendant appeared for sentencing with counsel. Prior to sentencing, Defendant had filed a Motion for Variance for a sentence below the guideline range, due to Defendant’s diminished mental capacity. ECF No. 175. The court considered and denied this motion at sentencing. ECF No. 187. Defendant was sentenced to one hundred and eleven (111) months’ incarceration, consisting of fifty-one (51) months as to Counts 1 and 7 and sixty (60) months consecutive as to Count 5.

Defendant did not appeal his conviction or sentence. An Amended Judgment reducing sentence pursuant to USSC Amendment 782 was entered on July 27, 2015, reducing his sentence to a total term of one hundred and one (101) months. ECF No. 247. Defendant filed his initial letter that this court construed as a motion for relief under § 2255 on December 29, 2015, and filed the current motion encompassing all § 2255 claims, as directed by this court, on January 20, 2016. ECF Nos. 273 and 276, respectively.

II. Timeliness

Title 28, United States Code § 2255(f) imposes a one-year statute of limitation on motions for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Pursuant to the AEDPA, the limitation period runs from the latest of:
(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created by governmental action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the movant was prevented from making a motion by such governmental action;
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.

28 U.S.C § 2255(f). Therefore, unless subject to a statutory exception, a defendant must file an application for relief under § 2255 within one year ...


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