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Cabbagestalk v. McFadden

United States District Court, D. South Carolina

July 1, 2015

Shaheen Cabbagestalk Petitioner,
Warden J. McFadden, Respondent.



This matter comes before the Court on the Report and Recommendation (R & R) of the Magistrate Judge (Dkt. No. 119), recommending that Respondent's Motion for Summary Judgment be granted and that various motions by Plaintiff be denied. For the reasons stated below, the Court ADOPTS the R & R, GRANTS Respondent's Motion for Summary Judgment, and DENIES Petitioner's pending motions.

I. Background

In March of 2007, Petitioner was indicated by a grand jury on one count of Assault and Battery with Intent to Kill and one count of armed robbery. (Dkt. No. 70-3 at 127-128; Dkt. No. 70-1 at 115-16). The indictments erroneously showed Petitioner's name as "James Cabbagestalk" rather than "Shaheen Chabbagestalk." (Dkt. No. 70-3 at 127-128). This mistake was brought to the attention of the trial judge at the time that Petitioner pled guilty, and the indictment was amended. (Dkt. No. 70-1 at 124-133). The case proceeded to trial, and during the trial, Petitioner passed his counsel a note stating that he wanted to plead guilty. ( Id. at 111). Petitioner pled guilty to the armed robbery charge, and the state dropped the Assault and Battery with Intent to Kill charge. ( Id. at 115-16, 118). Petitioner stated that he understood that this was what the state was wiling to do and that he could get from 10-30 years in prison for the armed robbery charge. ( Id. at 116). The solicitor stated that "the State does not oppose a lower-end sentence, " but that "we have not negotiated a specific time, and, of course, I've made sure to make it clear that the court has the final say in any sentence but that the State would not oppose a sentence on the lower end of that spectrum." ( Id. at 119). Petitioner stated that he understood the negotiations and recommendations from the Solicitor's Office. ( Id. at 120). The plea court found that a sentence at the low end of the range was not appropriate, in part because Petitioner had not "shown any remorse or offered any explanation or apology to the victim in this case." ( Id. at 135). The plea court sentenced petitioner to a term of eighteen years. ( Id. ).

Petitioner filed a direct appeal raising a number of issues, including whether the trial judge erred by amending the indictment. (Dkt. Nos. 70-6; 70-9). The South Carolina Court of Appeals dismissed Petitioner's appeal. (Dkt. No. 70-11). On March 9, 2010, Petitioner filed an Application for Post-Conviction Relief (PCR). (Dkt. No. 70-1 at 143). On June 6, 2012, the PCR court denied Petitioner's PCR application in its entirety. (Dkt. No. 70-3 at 114-26). Petitioner filed a petition for writ of certiorari, which was denied on September 11, 2014. (Dkt. No. 70-19). Remittitur was issued on September 29, 2014. (Dkt. No. 70-20).

This habeas Petition followed, raising twenty-one (21) issues initially, and adding ten (10) other grounds by amendment. (Dkt. Nos. 1, 25). The Magistrate Judge recommends granting Respondent's motion for summary judgment, and denying pending motions by Plaintiff. (Dkt. No. 119). Petitioner filed timely objections. (Dkt. No. 125).

II. Legal Standard

A. Report & Recommendation

The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). The Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This Court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the R & R or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (quoting 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)); accord Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b). If, however, no specific objection is made to a finding or recommendation, this Court "must only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.'" Id. (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P 72 advisory committee note). Moreover, in the absence of specific objections to the R & R, the Court need not give any explanation for adopting the Magistrate Judge's analysis and recommendation. See Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198, 199-200 (4th Cir. 1983).

B. Federal Habeas Review

Petitioner's claims are governed by 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d), which provides that his petition cannot be granted unless the claims "(1) resulted in a decision that was contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States; or (2) resulted in a decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the evidence presented in the State court proceeding." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d). "[A] federal habeas court may not issue the writ simply because that court concludes in its independent judgment that the relevant state-court decision applied clearly established federal law erroneously or incorrectly. Rather, that application must also be unreasonable." Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 411 (2000). Importantly, "a determination of a factual issue made by a State court shall be presumed to be correct, " and Petitioner has "the burden of rebutting the presumption of correctness by clear and convincing evidence." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(e)(1).

III. Discussion

The Magistrate Judge has ably and painstakingly addressed each of Petitioner's thirty-one grounds for relief in the R & R adopted the by the Court, and the Court will not rehash each one individually here. As an initial matter, Petitioner makes a number of conclusory, blanket objections to the R & R. ( See, e.g., Dkt. No. 125 at 1 ("I object to each and every Response in this R & R d[ue] to the fact I'm producing forth facts and all of my issues are leggit [sic] and asked to be upheld.")). To the extent Petitioner fails to point to a specific error in the R & R and simply makes conclusory objections, the Court need not conduct a de novo review. Smith v. Washington Mut. Bank FA, 308 F.Appx. 707, 708 (4th Cir. 2009) ("The court need not conduct de novo review... when a party makes general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate's proposed findings and recommendations.'") (quoting Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982)).

Plaintiff's other objections largely repeat verbatim his grounds for relief and do not provide specific objections to the findings in the R & R.[1] For instance, on a number of grounds, the Magistrate Judge found that Petitioner had failed to state a claim for federal habeas relief because Petitioner only alleged violations of state law or because Petitioner had otherwise failed to allege a violation of the United States Constitution or federal law. Petitioner has not objected to these findings, and the Court adopts them. Similarly, Petitioner has ...

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