United States District Court, D. South Carolina
Bobby C. Jenkins, # 271240 Plaintiff,
Brian Shirley, Director of SCDC; Dennis Patterson, Division of Operations; Ann Hallman, Chief Grievance Branch; Marcie Fuller, Head Director of Food Services; Bob Olson, Head Food Service, Perry CI, Larry Cartledge, Warden of Perry CI, Defendants,
Richard Mark Gergel United States District Court Judge
Plaintiff Bobby Jenkins was previously an inmate at the Perry Correctional Institution ("PCI") and is now an inmate at Evans Correctional Institution of the South Carolina Department of Corrections. On July 3, 2014, Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. ECF No. 1. In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Civil Rule 73.02 D.S.C., this matter was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Kaymani West for pretrial handling. On December 4, 2014, Defendants filed an answer. ECF No. 26. On review the court instructed the clerk's office to docket additional materials as part of Plaintiffs original Complaint. ECF No. 42. Thereafter, Defendants filed an Amended Answer. ECF No. 49.
On March 23, 2015, Plaintiff filed a motion to voluntarily dismiss his Complaint because Plaintiff indicates that he is now a level two prisoner and not a level three prisoner. ECF No. 48. Furthermore, Plaintiff represents that he is no longer at PCI and requests "to never be sent back there." Id. Defendants did not file a Response to Plaintiffs Motion. On May 14, 2015, Plaintiff filed a second Motion to Dismiss because he "has more serious issue (sic) at hand in the courts that he wishes to focus on." ECF No. 52. Defendants consented to Plaintiffs Motion to Dismiss. ECF No. 53.
Plaintiff filed his motions after Defendants filed their Answer, therefore he fails to meet the requirements to dismiss this action without a court order. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1). Under Rule 41(a)(2), a district court may dismiss an action "at the plaintiffs request only by a court order, on terms that the court considers proper." Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(a)(2). "The purpose of Rule 41(a)(2) is freely to allow voluntary dismissals unless the parties will be unfairly prejudiced." Davis v. USX Corp., 819 F.2d 1270, 1273 (4th Cir. 1987). ''In considering a motion for voluntary dismissal, the district court must focus primarily on protecting the interests of the defendant." Id. "A plaintiffs motion under Rule 41(a)(2) should not be denied absent substantial prejudice to the defendant." Andes v. Versant Corp., 788 F.2d 1033, 1036 (4thCir. 1986). Unless the order states otherwise, a dismissal under Rule 41(a)(2) is without prejudice. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(a)(2).
Plaintiffs request to never return to PCI is denied as the court cannot interfere with administrative matters within a prison. See generally Sweet v. S.C. Dep't of Corrections, 529 F.2d 854, 859 (4th Cir. 1975) (describing Federal Court's deference to prison administrators and all administrative matters unless the condition arises to the level of a constitutional violation). Plaintiff has indicated that he seeks to dismiss his ...