United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Aiken Division
G. ROSS ANDERSON, Jr., Senior District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court for review of United States Magistrate Judge Shiva V. Hodges's Report and Recommendation made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Civil Rule 73.02(B)(2)(d) DSC, and filed on April 15, 2015. ECF No. 8. For the reasons discussed herein, this Court adopts the Magistrate Judge's recommendation in its entirety.
Plaintiff Kelvin Richardson, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. ECF No. 1. Under established procedure in this judicial district, Magistrate Judge Hodges made a careful review of the pro se complaint and now recommends that this Court dismiss Plaintiff's case against Defendants without prejudice and without issuance and service of process. ECF No. 8. Plaintiff timely filed objections to the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation on April 27, 2015. ECF No. 11.
Standard of Review
Plaintiff brings this claim pro se. This Court is required to construe pro se pleadings liberally. Such pleadings are held to a less stringent standard than those drafted by attorneys. Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). This Court is charged with liberally construing a pleading filed by a pro se litigant to allow for the development of a potentially meritorious claim. Boag v. MacDougall, 454 U.S. 364, 365 (1982). However, a court may not construct the plaintiff's legal arguments for him, Small v. Endicott, 998 F.2d 411 (7th Cir.1993), nor is a district court required to recognize "obscure or extravagant claims defying the most concerted efforts to unravel them." Beaudett v. City of Hampton, 775 F.2d 1274, 1277 (4th Cir.1985), cert. denied, 475 U.S. 1088 (1986).
Plaintiff brings this claim in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915, which permits an indigent litigant to commence an action in federal court without prepaying the administrative costs of proceeding with the lawsuit. To protect against possible abuses of this privilege, the statute requires a district court to dismiss the case upon a finding that the action "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, " "is frivolous or malicious, " or "seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with this Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). This Court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report and Recommendation to which specific objection is made, and this Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This Court may also "receive further evidence or recommit the matter to the magistrate with instructions." Id.
In order for objections to be considered by a United States District Judge, the objections must be timely filed and specifically identify the portions of the Report and Recommendation to which the party objects and the basis for the objections. Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); see United States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91, 94 n.4 (4th Cir. 1984); Wright v. Collins, 766 F.2d 841, 845-47 nn.1-3 (4th Cir. 1985). "Courts have... held de novo review to be unnecessary in... situations when a party makes general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate's proposed findings and recommendation." Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982). Furthermore, in the absence of specific objections to the Report and Recommendation, this Court is not required to give any explanation for adopting the recommendation. Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198 (4th Cir. 1983). In this case, May 4, 2015 was the deadline for filing objections. Plaintiff filed timely objections to the Report and Recommendation on April 27, 2014. ECF No. 11.
Having reviewed Plaintiff's objections, this Court finds that many of the objections are unrelated to the dispositive portions of the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation, and merely restate his claims. However, this Court will address the objection that it finds to be specific and pertinent to the Report and Recommendation.
Liberally construed, Plaintiff's objection appears to be that the provision of Benadryl as a remedy to his symptoms constitutes deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs. ECF No. 11 at 4. Plaintiff furthers this argument by claiming that he objects to the "court[s] citing of ( Thomas v. Anderson City Jail, No. 6:10-3270-RMG-KFM, 2011 WL 442053, at *3 (D.S.C. Jan. 19, 2011) which implies that simply because I disagreed with the treatment it['s] not a violation when I was only treated for the side effect and not the injury." Id. In making this argument, however, the Plaintiff mischaracterizes the Magistrate Judge's Order. The Magistrate Judge correctly cited Thomas for the proposition that "Plaintiff's belief that he should have received additional or different treatment does not constitute deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs." ECF No. 8 at 4. Further, the Magistrate Judge was correct in stating that "treatment must be so grossly incompetent, inadequate or excessive as to shock the conscience or to be intolerable to fundamental fairness, " and that Plaintiff's allegations fail to meet that standard. ECF No. 8 at 4 (quoting Miltier v. Beorn, 896 F.2d 848, 851 (4th Cir. 1990)). Accordingly, this Court overrules Plaintiff's objection.
After a thorough review of the record, this Court finds that the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation accurately summarizes the case and the applicable law. Accordingly, the Report and ...