United States District Court, D. South Carolina
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
SHIVA V. HODGES, Magistrate Judge.
Kelvin Richardson ("Plaintiff"), proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff alleges a violation of his constitutional rights while incarcerated at Greenville County Detention Center ("GCDC") by the following defendants: County of Greenville, Assistant County Administrator John Vandermosten, Operations Administrator Scotti Bodiford, Sgt. Dana Lewis, and Officer Debbie Glenn (collectively "Defendants"). [ECF No. 1 at 1-2].
Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Civ. Rule 73.02(B)(2)(d) (D.S.C.), the undersigned is authorized to review such complaints for relief and submit findings and recommendations to the district judge. For the reasons that follow, the undersigned recommends that the district judge dismiss the complaint in this case without prejudice and without issuance and service of process.
I. Factual and Procedural Background
Plaintiff filed this complaint alleging claims for denial of legal research and obstruction of justice. [ECF No. 1 at 2]. Plaintiff claims that he has been housed in the GCDC since February 28, 2014, and alleges that Lewis and Glenn conspired to violate his constitutional right to legal research. Id. at 4. Plaintiff states that his assigned public defender was relieved as his counsel on January 9, 2015, and claims that on March 7, 2015, contract attorney Kenneth Gibson ("Gibson") was assigned to represent him. Id. Plaintiff alleges that as of the date of his filing, "Plaintiff [has] yet to make any contact with any attorney, which he argues "voids him of... GCDC stance/not policy/on legal research." Id. at 5. Plaintiff claims that he filed a grievance on April 9, 2015, to Vandermosten "to no avail." Id. Plaintiff alleges that he has been "left to fend for himself as far as representation is concern[ed]." Id. Plaintiff alleges that he is now being treated for anxiety, lack of sleep, and stress "created and brought on by his fear of conviction due to not being able to access legal research for the purpose of defending himself." Id. at 6. Plaintiff argues that the "denial of legal research... severely increases his likelihood of a conviction." Id. Plaintiff seeks injunctive relief and monetary damages. Id. at 7.
A. Standard of Review
Plaintiff filed this complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, which permits an indigent litigant to commence an action in federal court without prepaying the administrative costs of proceeding with the lawsuit. To protect against possible abuses of this privilege, the statute allows a district court to dismiss a case upon a finding that the action fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted or is frivolous or malicious. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), (ii). A finding of frivolity can be made where the complaint lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact. Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 31 (1992). A claim based on a meritless legal theory may be dismissed sua sponte under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). See Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327 (1989); Allison v. Kyle, 66 F.3d 71, 73 (5th Cir. 1995).
Pro se complaints are held to a less stringent standard than those drafted by attorneys. Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). A federal district court is charged with liberally construing a complaint filed by a pro se litigant to allow the development of a potentially meritorious case. Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007). In evaluating a pro se complaint, the plaintiff's allegations are assumed to be true. Merriweather v. Reynolds, 586 F.Supp.2d 548, 554 (D.S.C. 2008). The mandated liberal construction afforded to pro se pleadings means that if the court can reasonably read the pleadings to state a valid claim on which the plaintiff could prevail, it should do so. Nevertheless, the requirement of liberal construction does not mean that the court can ignore a clear failure in the pleading to allege facts that set forth a claim currently cognizable in a federal district court. Weller v. Dep't of Soc. Servs., 901 F.2d 387, 390-91 (4th Cir. 1990).
To state a constitutional claim for denial of meaningful access to the courts, an inmate must allege specific injury resulting from the alleged denial. See Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343, 349 (1996) (holding that an inmate alleging denial of access to the courts must be able to demonstrate "actual injury" such that his non-frivolous legal claim was frustrated or impeded); Michau v. Charleston Cnty., 434 F.3d 725, 728 (4th Cir. 2006) (finding sua sponte dismissal appropriate where the plaintiff did not explain how he was injured by any limitations on his access to a law library). A plaintiff must make specific allegations as to the actual injury sustained. See Cochran v. Morris, 73 F.3d 1310, 1317 (4th Cir. 1996) (finding that plaintiff failed to identify any actual injury resulting from official conduct); Strickler v. Waters, 989 F.2d 1375, 1384 (4th Cir. 1993) (holding that a prisoner had a "basic requirement that he show specific harm or prejudice from the allegedly denied access").
Plaintiff alleges that he is unable to research legal information "in the attempt to secure a reasonable bond." [ECF No. 1 at 5]. Plaintiff also argues that his inability to research legal information is causing him to miss out on opportunities to secure crucial evidence that would vindicate him. Id. Plaintiff's complaint indicates that Plaintiff is represented by Gibson who was assigned to be Plaintiff's counsel on March 7, 2015. Id. at 4. Although Plaintiff alleges that he has not had any contact with his attorney, Plaintiff does not offer any evidence that Gibson is no longer his counsel. It is well established that representation by counsel negates a prisoner's claim of inadequate access to the courts. Hause v. Vaught, 993 F.2d 1079, 1084 (4th Cir. 1993) (holding that a prisoner's right to meaningful court access may be satisfied by providing prisoner with "adequate assistance from persons trained in the law"); see also Horton v. Berkebile, C/A No. 5:10-290, 2012 WL 5825691, at *7 n.5 (S.D. W.Va. Oct. 26, 2012) (collecting cases). Further, because Plaintiff's claims regarding his bond and potential discovery are conclusory and speculative, they are insufficient to demonstrate that Defendants' actions prejudiced or impeded any specific non-frivolous legal action. See Lewis, 518 U.S. at 351-52 (holding that prisoners must specifically allege facts to demonstrate actual injury to a nonfrivolous legal action). Accordingly, the undersigned recommends Plaintiff's complaint be summarily dismissed.
III. Conclusion and Recommendation
For the foregoing reasons, the undersigned recommends that the court dismiss the complaint without prejudice and without ...