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Hanold v. Watson's Orchard Prop. Owners Ass'n, Inc.
Court of Appeals of South Carolina
April 15, 2015
R.C. Frederick Hanold, III and Rose F. Hanold, and Carol R. Mitchell and George P. Mitchell, Jr., Respondents,
Watson's Orchard Property Owners Association, Inc., a South Carolina Corporation, Pelham Farm, LLC, a South Carolina Corporation, Legacy One, LLC, a South Carolina Corporation, SESP, LLC, a South Carolina Corporation, an unknown Trustee of the Revocable Trust Agreement Dated March 19, 1996, established by James B. Stephens as amended, and unknown Jay Stephens and Mike Stephens as Co-Personal Representative of the Estate of James B. Stephens, Defendants, of whom Pelham Farm, LLC, a South Carolina Corporation, Legacy One, LLC, a South Carolina Corporation, an unknown Trustee of the Revocable Trust Agreement Dated March 19, 1996, established by James B. Stephens as amended, and unknown Jay Stephens and Mike Stephens as Co-Personal Representative of the Estate of James B. Stephens, are the Appellants.
Property Owners in Watson's Orchard Subdivision: N. Carter Poe, III; McNally Reeves, as Trustee of the Residual Trust under Item Five of the Last Will and Testament of Hattie L. Reeves dated February 9, 1998; Janet B. Yusi; Lucy S. Tiller; James G. Stephens; Rachel P. McKaughan; Ramon J. Ashy and Jana Ashy; Christopher D. Scalzo and Heather V. Scalzo; Erma R. Rash, as Trustee of the Erma R. Rash Revocable Trust dated February 12, 2010; James Edwin Conrad, as Trustee of the James Edwin Conrad Living Trust dated September 7, 2010; Sue Lane Conrad; Horst H. H. Eschenberg and Floride C. Eschenberg; Caryl L. Clover, as Trustee of the Caryl L. Clover Revocable Living Trust Agreement dated May 12, 1999; Mary F. Newell; Timothy M. Conroy and Elizabeth W. Conroy; Nathan Scolari; Joel Wells Norwood and Lynn Norwood; J. Lynn Shook; Juan Hernandez and Janice M. Pelletier; Scott P. Payne and Kathleen H. Payne; Joe G. Thomason and Dana L. Henry Thomason; Traci Segura; Cameron E. Smith and Joan B. Smith; Charles E. Howard and Sharon F. Howard; Penelope J. Galbraith; Meredith C. Vry; Delores B. Mitchell; Lisette M. Silva and Mary F. Colley; Ilona K. Alford and William G. Alford; George T. McLeod and Martha T. McLeod; Ronald S. Wilson and Robin E. Wilson; the Merrill J. Gildersleeve and Anore L. Novak Revocable Living Trust dated November 1, 1996; Anna Marie T. Azores and Kim O. Gococo; Ashley Westrope as Trustee of Martha Randolph Westrop Trust dated June 6, 1988; Cliff C. Jollie and Martha W. Jollie; David A. Saliny and Xiaoli Saliny; Lecia S. Franklin; Dean D. Varner and Deborah P. Varner; W. Frank Durham, Jr.; Christine M. Howard; Samuel P. Howard, Jr. and Jane H. Howard; Manfred E. Kramer and Jane J. Kramer; Mary J. Steele; James J. Barrett, III and Kimberly A. Barrett; Richard A. Herman and Patricia L. Herrman, Third-Party Defendants
Heard November 4, 2014.
[Copyrighted Material Omitted]
Appeal From Greenville County. Edward W. Miller, Circuit Court Judge. Appellate Case No. 2013-000452.
William D. Herlong, of The Herlong Law Firm, LLC, of Greenville, for Appellants.
Randall Scott Hiller, of Greenville, for Respondents.
[412 S.C. 391] WILLIAMS, J.
Pelham Farm, LLC; Legacy One, LLC; an unknown trustee of the revocable trust agreement established by James B. Stephens; and Jay Stephens and Mike Stephens, as co-personal representatives of the estate of James B. Stephens (collectively Appellants) contend the circuit court erred in [412 S.C. 392] finding their amendment to a restrictive covenant that governed the development of property in Greenville County, South Carolina, was invalid for lack of a majority vote. We affirm.
In the 1960s, Richard Watson and his wife began developing their substantial landholdings that stretched from present-day I-385 up to and across the north and south side of Pelham Road in Greenville, South Carolina. Prior to this time, Watson's land was used as an orchard. Once development began, restrictions were placed on the entire property to limit its development to single family residential use. Subsequently, a subdivision plat was recorded that created forty-seven lots in what is currently known as Watson's Orchard Subdivision. Thereafter, these lots were developed into upscale homes.
In 1979, Watson recognized that his property south of Pelham Road could realize a greater value if developed commercially. As a result, he sold the vast majority of his property on the south side of Pelham Road to Lincoln of South Carolina, Inc. (Lincoln). Lincoln then entered into negotiations with the owners of the lots in Watson's Orchard Subdivision to obtain a release of the residential use restrictions for Watson's property south of Pelham Road. These negotiations resulted in the property owners, with the exception of J.B. Stephens, agreeing to release the restrictions in exchange for the transfer of a twenty-two acre buffer zone on the south side of Pelham Road, that was to be sold and developed as single family residential lots.
As part of the agreement, the property in the buffer zone was to be owned by Watson's Orchard Property Owners Association, Inc. (WOPOA), a for profit corporation tasked with the responsibility of developing and selling the lots within the buffer zone. The stock in WOPOA was granted to the [412 S.C. 393] owners of Watson's Orchard Subdivision who would ultimately benefit financially from the sale of the lots within the twenty-two acres.
In 1981, Lincoln, as the declarant, imposed the Restrictions and Covenants (1981 R& Cs), which are the subject of this action, upon the twenty-two acre buffer zone. Thereafter, Lincoln conveyed the twenty-two acre tract of land to WOPOA. Although J.B. Stephens did not have any stock in WOPOA, in exchange for his cooperation to release the residential use restrictions, Stephens purchased six acres on the south side of Pelham Road (the Property) directly across from Watson's Orchard Subdivision from WOPOA. This six-acre tract contained sufficient property to allow it to be developed into five residential lots. The successors to J.B. Stephens are the appellants in this action.
The 1981 R& Cs included a provision requiring a majority vote of the current property owners of Watson's Orchard Subdivision, as well as the owners of the lots in the buffer zone, to change or amend the 1981 R& Cs. The pertinent provision states the following:
[T]he covenants, conditions[,] and restrictions hereinafter set forth shall run with the property . . . and be binding upon all parties having any right, title or interest in the said described properties . . . until January 1, 2010[,] at which time said covenants, conditions, and restrictions shall be automatically extended for successive periods of ten (10) years each unless, by vote of a majority of the then owners of the lots into which the property described above shall have been developed and in ...