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Collins v. Cartledge

United States District Court, D. South Carolina

March 30, 2015

Steven Collins, Petitioner,
Leroy Cartledge, Respondent.



The petitioner Steven Collins ("the petitioner"), proceeding pro se, filed this writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (ECF No. 1.) In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.02, D.S.C., the action was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Wallace W. Dixon for pretrial handling and a Report and Recommendation ("Report"]. Judge Dixon recommends that the respondent's motion for summary judgment be granted, that the petitioner's motions to strike and amend be granted, that the petitioner's motion for an evidentiary haring be denied, and this matter be dismissed with prejudice. (ECF No. 38.) The Report sets forth in detail the relevant facts and standards of law on this matter and the court incorporates them without recitation.


The petitioner filed this action against the respondent on March 27, 2014, [1] alleging, inter alia, ineffective assistance of counsel. On November 14, 2014, the Magistrate Judge issued his Report and the Clerk of Court entered the petitioner's Objections on February 5, 2015. (ECF No. 58). The court has reviewed the objections, but finds them to be without merit. Therefore, it will enter judgment accordingly.


The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to the court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight. The responsibility to make a final determination remains with the court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71, 96 S.Ct. 549, 46 L.Ed.2d 483 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report and Recommendation to which specific objection is made, and the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). However, the court need not conduct a de novo review when a party makes only "general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate's proposed findings and recommendations." Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir.1982). In the absence of a timely filed, specific objection, the Magistrate Judge's conclusions are reviewed only for clear error. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir.2005).


As noted above, the petitioner filed objections to the Magistrate Judge's Report, which the court has carefully reviewed. However, the petitioner's objections, although verbose, provide no basis for this court to deviate from the Magistrate Judge's recommended disposition. Instead, they generally consist of nothing more than arguments that the Magistrate Judge has already considered and rejected. Because the court agrees with the Magistrate Judge's analysis on these issues, it need not repeat the discussion here.

To the extent that the petitioner argues that he is able to overcome the procedural bar such that this court can review his § 2254 claims, the court rejects the argument. As the Magistrate Judge noted in his Report,

Generally, a federal habeas court should not review the merits of claims that would be found to be procedurally defaulted (or barred) under independent and adequate state procedural rules. For a procedurally defaulted claim to be properly considered by a federal habeas court, the Petitioner must demonstrate cause for the default and actual prejudice as a result of the alleged violation of federal law, or demonstrate that failure to consider the claims will result in a fundamental miscarriage of justice.

(ECF 38 at 14). Because the petitioner has demonstrated neither cause, prejudice, nor a fundamental miscarriage of justice, the court is unable to consider his procedurally defaulted claims. For these reasons, the court will overrule the petitioner's objections.


For the reasons stated above and by the Magistrate Judge, the Court overrules the petitioner's objections and adopts and incorporates by reference the Magistrate Judge's Report herein. It is therefore ORDERED that the respondent's motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 24) is GRANTED, the petitioner's pending motions to strike and amend (ECF No. 32, 33) are GRANTED, the petitioner's ...

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