United States District Court, D. South Carolina
March 27, 2015
Felipe Ramirez, #XXXXX-XXX, Petitioner,
Andrew Mansukhani, Warden, Respondent.
BRUCE HOWE HENDRICKS, District Judge.
This matter is before the Court upon the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation ("Report") (ECF No. 26), which recommends that the respondent's motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 16) be granted and the § 2241 petition be dismissed with prejudice, and without an evidentiary hearing. For the reasons set forth below, the Court agrees with the Report, and grants the motion for summary judgment and dismisses the petition.
The petitioner Felipe Ramirez ("the petitioner"), a federal prisoner who is proceeding pro se, brought this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 alleging that the Bureau of Prisons ("BOP") failed to properly calculate his federal sentence.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to the district court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight. The responsibility to make a final determination remains with the district court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71, 96 S.Ct. 549, 46 L.Ed.2d 483 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which specific objection is made, and the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, or recommit the matter with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
The court is obligated to conduct a de novo review of every portion of the Report to which specific objections have been filed. Id. However, the court need not conduct a de novo review when a party makes only "general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate's proposed findings and recommendations." Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982) ("[ D ] e novo review [is] unnecessary in... situations when a party makes general and conclusory objections that do not direct the court to a specific error in the magistrate's proposed findings and recommendation."). The court reviews only for clear error in the absence of a specific objection. Furthermore, in the absence of a timely filed, specific objection, the Magistrate Judge's conclusions are reviewed only for clear error. See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005). Additionally, the Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This Court may also "receive further evidence or recommit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions." Id.
In reviewing these pleadings, the Court is mindful of Plaintiff's pro se status. This Court is charged with liberally construing the pleadings of a pro se litigant. See, e.g., De'Lonta v. Angelone, 330 F.3d 630, 633 (4th Cir. 2003). The requirement of a liberal construction does not mean, however, that the Court can ignore a plaintiff's clear failure to allege facts that set forth a cognizable claim, or that a court must assume the existence of a genuine issue of material fact where none exists. See United States v. Wilson, 699 F.3d 789, 797 (4th Cir. 2012).
The Magistrate Judge filed the Report on January 27, 2015, and the Clerk of Court entered the petitioner's objections on February 11, 2015. Upon review, the Court agrees with the Magistrate Judge that the petitioner's case should be dismissed. The petitioner's objections provide no basis for this Court to deviate from the Magistrate Judge's recommended disposition. Therefore, the Court will overrule the petitioner's objections.
CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
The governing law provides that:
(c)(2) A certificate of appealability may issue... only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.
(c)(3) The certificate of appealability... shall indicate which specific issue or issues satisfy the showing required by paragraph (2).
28 U.S.C. § 2253(c). A prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable jurists would find this court's assessment of his constitutional claims is debatable or wrong and that any dispositive procedural ruling by the district court is likewise debatable. See Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003); Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000); Rose v. Lee, 252 F.3d 676, 683 (4th Cir.2001). In this case, the legal standard for the issuance of a certificate of appealability has not been met. Therefore, a certificate of appealability is denied.
After a thorough review of the Report, the record, and the applicable law, the Court finds that the petitioner's objections are without merit. Accordingly, the Court adopts the Report and incorporates it herein. It is therefore ORDERED that the respondent's motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 16) is GRANTED and the petitioner's § 2241 petition is DISMISSED with prejudice, and without an evidentiary hearing.
IT IS SO ORDERED.