United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Columbia Division
Richard Stogsdill, Nancy Stogsdill, Mother of Richard Stogsdill, Robert Levin, and Mary Self, Mother of Robert Levin, Plaintiffs,
Anthony Keck and the South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Defendants.
JOSEPH F. ANDERSON, Jr., District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court on Defendant South Carolina Department of Health and Human Services' ("SCDHHS") motion to strike Plaintiff Robert Levin's ("Levin") jury demand. (ECF No. 143). SCDHHS has moved for an Order striking the jury demand in this case pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 39(a)(2), which provides that all issues upon which a jury trial have been demanded must be tried by a jury, unless "the court, on motion or its own, finds that on some or all of those issues there is no federal right to a jury trial."
Levin's three remaining causes of action seek only prospective declaratory relief and injunctive relief, not monetary damages. Such equitable claims are not the kind contemplated by the Seventh Amendment as preserved for a jury. As the Supreme Court has aptly stated, "The Seventh Amendment provides: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved...' We have consistently interpreted the phrase Suits at common law' to refer to suits in which legal rights were to be ascertained and determined, in contradistinction to those where equitable rights alone were recognized, and equitable remedies were administered." Granfinanciera, S.A. v. Nordberg, 492 U.S. 33, 40-41, (1989) (citing Parsons v. Bedford, 3 Pet. 433, 447, 7 L.Ed. 732 (1830)) (emphasis in original). Accordingly, because all of Levin's claims sound in equity, he is not entitled to a jury trial.
Therefore, the Court hereby GRANTS SCDHHS's motion, and Levin's jury demand is stricken. This case will be tried via a bench trial ...