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Owens v. Colvin

United States District Court, District of South Carolina

December 12, 2014

Printis Owens, on behalf of A.O., a minor child, Plaintiff,
Carolyn W. Colvin, [1]Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.


Bruce Howe Hendricks, United States District Judge

Plaintiff Printis Owens (“the plaintiff”) brought this action on behalf of his minor child (“A. O.”) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1383(c)(3) to obtain judicial review of a final decision of the Defendant, Acting Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”), denying his minor child’s claims for Supplemental Security Income (“SSI”) under Title XVI of the Social Security Act. In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rules 73.02(B)(2)(a) and 83.VII.02, D.S.C., this matter was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Paige J. Gossett for pretrial handling. On August 22, 2014, the magistrate judge issued a Report and Recommendation in which she determined that the plaintiff did not show that the Commissioner’s decision was unsupported by substantial evidence or reached through application of an incorrect legal standard. Accordingly, the magistrate judge recommended affirming the Commissioner’s decision. (ECF No. 27.) The plaintiff filed Objections on September 8, 2014 (ECF No. 28), and on September 24, 2014, the Commissioner filed a Reply (ECF No. 29). For the reasons stated below, the Court adopts the Report and Recommendation and affirms the Commissioner’s decision.


The Report and Recommendation sets forth in detail the relevant facts and standards of law on this matter, and the Court incorporates them and summarizes below in relevant part. A.O. was four years old on the date the SSI application was filed on his behalf. (R. at 82.) The plaintiff alleges that A.O. is disabled due to bipolar disorder, behavioral problems, and asthma. (R. at 103, 40.) The plaintiff’s application was denied initially and on reconsideration and he requested a hearing before an administrative law judge (“ALJ”). A hearing was held on July 21, 2011, at which A.O., as well as his father and stepmother, appeared and the parents testified. The ALJ issued a decision on September 23, 2011, finding that the minor child was not disabled. (R, at 8-15.) The Appeals Council denied the plaintiff’s request for review (R. at 1-3), making the ALJ’s decision the final decision of the Commissioner. The plaintiff subsequently filed an action in this Court on February 12, 2013. (ECF No. 1.)


The magistrate judge recommends affirming the ALJ’s decision. (ECF No. 27 at 13.) The magistrate judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The Court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Report and Recommendation to which specific objection is made, and the Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation of the magistrate judge, or recommit the matter to her with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). “However, the Court is not required to review, under a de novo or any other standard, the factual or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to those portions of the report and recommendation to which no objections are addressed. While the level of scrutiny entailed by the Court’s review of the Report thus depends on whether or not objections have been filed, in either case the Court is free, after review, to accept, reject, or modify any of the magistrate judge’s findings or recommendations.” Wallace v. Housing Auth. of the City of Columbia, 791 F.Supp. 137, 138 (D.S.C. 1992) (internal citations omitted).


The role of the federal judiciary in the administrative scheme established by the Social Security Act is a limited one. Under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), the court may only review whether the Commissioner’s decision is supported by substantial evidence and whether the correct law was applied. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (“The findings of the Commissioner of Social Security as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive . . . .”); Myers v. Califano, 611 F.2d 980, 982 (4th Cir. 1980). “Substantial evidence has been defined innumerable times as more than a scintilla, but less than preponderance.” Thomas v. Celebrezze, 331 F.2d 541, 543 (4th Cir. 1964); see, e.g., Daniel v. Gardner, 404 F.2d 889 (4th Cir. 1968); Laws v. Celebrezze, 368 F.2d 640 (4th Cir. 1966); Tyler v. Weinberger, 409 F.Supp. 776 (E.D. Va. 1976). In order for a reviewing court to determine whether the Commissioner based a decision on substantial evidence, “the decision must include the reasons for the determination . . . .” Green v. Chater, 64 F.3d 657, 1995 WL 478032, *2 (4th Cir.1995) (citing Cook v. Heckler, 783 F.2d 1168, 1172 (4th Cir.1986)). The statutorily mandated standard precludes a de novo review of the factual circumstances that substitutes the Court’s findings for those of the Commissioner. See, e.g., Vitek v. Finch, 438 F.2d 1157 (4th Cir. 1971); Hicks v. Gardner, 393 F.2d 299 (4th Cir. 1968). Accordingly, “the court [must] uphold the [Commissioner’s] decision even should the court disagree with such decision as long as it is supported by ‘substantial evidence.’” Blalock v. Richardson, 483 F.2d 773, 775 (4th Cir. 1972). As noted by Judge Sobeloff in Flack v. Cohen, 413 F.2d 278 (4th Cir. 1969), “[f]rom this it does not follow, however, that the findings of the administrative agency are to be mechanically accepted. The statutorily granted right of review contemplates more than an uncritical rubber stamping of the administrative action.” Id. at 279. “[T]he courts must not abdicate their responsibility to give careful scrutiny to the whole record to assure that there is a sound foundation for the [Commissioner’s] findings, and that his conclusion is rational.” Vitek, 438 F.2d at 1157-58.


The plaintiff filed objections to the Report and Recommendation (“Objections”) on September 8, 2014 (ECF No. 28), and the Commissioner filed a reply on September 24, 2014 (ECF No. 29). The plaintiff objects to the magistrate judge’s recommendation concerning the ALJ’s alleged (1) failure to develop the record and (2) improper Listing analysis. The Court will consider each specific objection in turn.[2]

I. Development of the Record

The plaintiff reiterates his argument that the ALJ violated a duty to fully and fairly develop the record insofar as he did not inquire into the availability of records from A.O.’s scheduled August 2011 psychiatric appointment at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). The plaintiff complains that while the magistrate judge recognized that additional records from three facilities were requested by the ALJ, none of those three facilities were MUSC. The Court does not understand the records’ value precisely. It seems undisputed that the plaintiff did not attend it – the appointment. The plaintiff argues that such record shows generally the plaintiff’s need for an evaluation by a psychiatrist. But, this generic need does not say something very specific about the plaintiff’s functional capacity or the ALJ’s ability to know it better. Regardless, the magistrate judge noted that A.O.’s stepmother had testified to the scheduled August 2011 appointment. In other words, there was already evidence of the need for a psychiatric appointment in the record.

Generally, a case should be remanded for failure to develop the administrative record where it prejudices the claimant. See Walker v. Harris, 642 F.2d 712, 714 (4th Cir. 1981); see also Mickles v. Shalala, 29 F.3d 918, 921 (4th Cir. 1994). To establish prejudice from an ALJ’s failure to develop the record, the claimant must demonstrate that he or she “could and would have adduced evidence that might have altered the result.” Carey v. Apfel, 230 F.3d 131, 142 (5th Cir. 2000). The plaintiff has not suggested, in any detail among his various submissions, how precisely he anticipates the record might have altered the result. The ALJ had reason to know about the appointment and the plaintiff has not offered what other limitations should have been included. For this and all the reasons already stated by the magistrate judge, there is no error.

The plaintiff additionally continues to submit that the ALJ should not have discounted the credibility of the plaintiff and A.O.’s stepmother without first requesting A.O.’s school records, which purportedly would have corroborated their testimony and otherwise undermined any assertion that “A.O.’s behavior problems were due to ...

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