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Joe v. Perry Correctional Institution

United States District Court, D. South Carolina

December 8, 2014

Mickeal L. Joe, a k a Michael L. Joe, a k a Michael Larron Joe, Petitioner,
Warden, Perry Correctional Institution, Respondent


Bristow Marchant, United States Magistrate Judge.

Petitioner, Mickeal L. Joe, a/k/a Michael L. Joe, a/k/a Michael Larron Joe, a state prisoner at the Perry Correctional Institution, a part of the South Carolina Department of Corrections, has filed this Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pro se and in forma pauperis, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. In this Petition, Petitioner is challenging his September 15, 2004 conviction for assault on an employee of a correctional facility, for which he was sentenced to five years imprisonment to run consecutive to a sentence he was already serving. See Petition, ECF No. 1 at 1.

Under established local procedure in this judicial district, a careful review has been made of the pro se petition filed in the above-captioned case pursuant to the procedural provisions of the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub.L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214 (" AEDPA"), and in light of the following precedents: Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25 (1992); Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 324-25 (1989); Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519 (1972); Nasim v. Warden, Md. House of Corr., 64 F.3d 951 (4th Cir. 1995); and Todd v. Baskerville, 712 F.2d 70 (4th Cir. 1983). Pro se petitions are also held to a less stringent standard than those drafted by attorneys, and a federal district court is charged with liberally construing a petition filed by a pro se litigant to allow the development of a potentially meritorious case. See Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9 (1980) (quoting Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972)); Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978) (citing Rice v. Olson, 324 U.S. 786, 791-92 (1945); Holiday v. Johnston, 313 U.S. 342, 350 (1941)).

Nonetheless, this Court is also charged with screening Petitioner's lawsuit to determine if " it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court." Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts. The requirement of liberal construction does not mean that the court can ignore a clear failure in the pleading to allege facts which set forth a claim currently cognizable in a federal district court. See Weller v. Dep't of Soc. Servs., 901 F.2d 387, 391 (4th Cir. 1990). Such is the case here.


Petitioner previously filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in this Court challenging the same conviction and sentence he is challenging in the above-captioned matter. That previous habeas petition was dismissed with prejudice by order of the Honorable Terry L. Wooten, Chief United States District Judge, because it was not filed within the one-year limitation set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d), the petitioner was not entitled to equitable tolling, and even if he was entitled to equitable tolling the petition was subject to dismissal because his claims were without merit. See Joe v. Padula, 9: 11-1090-TLW-BM, 2012 WL 2325662 (D.S.C. June 19, 2012).[1]

Therefore, the Petition filed in this case should be summarily dismissed because it is successive and there is no indication that Petitioner requested and received permission from the United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals before he submitted it to this Court.[2] See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 485-89 (2000) [to qualify as a " successive" petition, prior petition must have been adjudicated on the merits].[3]

Petitioner appears to be attempting to bring this successive petition on the grounds that he " recently discovered" the trial court did not have subject matter jurisdiction based on an alleged deficient state grand jury indictment. See ECF No. 1 at 6, 13. However, as previously noted, under the AEDPA, an individual may not file a second or successive § 2254 petition for a writ of habeas corpus (or the equivalent thereof) without first receiving permission to do so from the appropriate circuit court of appeals, [4] and the " gatekeeping" mechanism of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A) provides that, " [b]efore a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.[5] See In re Williams, 364 F.3d 235, 238 (4th Cir. 2004) [the " initial determination of whether a claim satisfies" the requirements of § 2244(b)(2) " must be made by a court of appeals" ]; In re Fowlkes, 326 F.3d 542, 544 (4th Cir. 2003) [" Since Fowlkes has previously filed a section 2254 motion, he may only file a successive section 2254 motion if he receives authorization from this court [the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals] under the standard established in section 2244(b)(3)(C)." ]; United States v. Winestock, 340 F.3d 200, 205 (4th Cir. 2003)[" In the absence of pre-filing authorization [from the court of appeals], the district court lacks jurisdiction to consider an application containing abusive or repetitive claims." ].

There is no indication that Petitioner has received permission from the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals before filing the present Petition. Consequently, this Court has no jurisdiction to consider the instant Petition. See United States v. Winestock, 340 F.3d at 205 (4th Cir. 2003); In re Williams, 444 F.3d at 236-37 (4th Cir. 2006).


Based on the foregoing, it is recommended that the instant Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus be summarily dismissed without prejudice and without requiring Respondent to file a return. See Eriline Co. S.A. v. Johnson, 440 F.3d 648, 656 (4th Cir. 2006)[district courts are charged with the duty to independently screen initial filings and dismiss those actions that plainly lack merit without requesting an answer from the respondent].

Petitioner's attention is directed to the important notice on the next page.

Notice of Right to File Objections to Report and Recommendation

The parties are advised that they may file specific written objections to this Report and Recommendation with the District Judge. Objections must specifically identify the portions of the Report and Recommendation to which objections are made and the basis for such objections. " [I]n the absence of a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must 'only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the ...

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