United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Beaufort Division
December 5, 2014
Sabrina Joye, Plaintiff,
Beaufort County Sheriff's Office; Beaufort County Detention Center; Southern Health Partners, Inc.; Nurse Smith; and John/Jane Doe, a generic classification for individuals or entities whose identities are presently unknown, Defendants
For Sabrina Joye, Plaintiff: Paul H Infinger, LEAD ATTORNEY, Paul H Infinger Law Office, Beaufort, SC.
For Beaufort County Sheriff's Office, Beaufort County Detention Center, Defendants: Christy L Scott, LEAD ATTORNEY, Scott and Payne, Walterboro, SC.
For Southern Health Partners Inc, Nurse Smith, Defendants: Amy Harmon Geddes, James G Long, III, LEAD ATTORNEYS, Nexsen Pruet Jacobs and Pollard, Columbia, SC.
For John/Jane Doe, a generic classification for individuals or entities whose identities are presently unknown, Defendant: Amy Harmon Geddes, James G Long, III, LEAD ATTORNEYS, Nexsen Pruet Jacobs and Pollard, Columbia, SC; Christy L Scott, LEAD ATTORNEY, Scott and Payne, Walterboro, SC.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF MAGISTRATE JUDGE
WALLACE W. DIXON, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.
The instant matter was removed from the Beaufort County Court of Common Pleas on August 1, 2014. (See Dkt. No. 1.) In the Notice of Removal, the removing Defendants stated that removal was proper because Plaintiff's " First and Second causes of action are entitled (42 U.S.C. § 1983) and (42 U.S.C. § 1985) and enumerate . . . allegations of violation of federal constitutional provisions." (Dkt. No. 1 at 2 of 3.)
On September 16, 2014, Plaintiff filed a Motion to Amend her Complaint and a Motion to Remand. (See Dkt. No. 18.) In her Motion to Amend, Plaintiff stated that she sought to " amend her Complaint to withdraw all federally based causes of action." (Dkt. No. 18 at 1.) Defendants did not object to the amendment. (See Dkt. No. 22; Dkt. No. 28.) Accordingly, Plaintiff's Motion to Amend (Dkt. No. 18) was granted on October 20, 2014. (Dkt. No. 29.) The Order allowing amendment indicated that Plaintiff's request to remand the case would be addressed after the Amended Complaint was filed. (See Dkt. No. 29.)
Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint on October 21, 2014. (Dkt. No. 31.) Plaintiff's Amended Complaint omitted the claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 42 U.S.C. § 1985. (See generally Dkt. No. 31.) Only state-law claims remain. (Id.)
Because Plaintiff's Amended Complaint states no federal cause of action, the undersigned recommends granting Plaintiff's Motion to Remand (Dkt. No. 18.) Defendants have not opposed Plaintiff's request. (See Dkt. No. 22 at 2; Dkt. No. 28.) Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)(3), the district court may decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction " if the district court has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction." In Harless v. CSX Hotels, Inc., 389 F.3d 444 (4th Cir. 2004), the Fourth Circuit upheld a district court's order granting a plaintiff's motion to amend the complaint to remove federal issues and to remand the remaining claims to state court. The Fourth Circuit affirmed the district court's finding that the plaintiff acted in good faith because " [w]hile [the plaintiff] clearly wanted to avoid federal jurisdiction, she also had substantive reasons for amending the pleadings."
Harless, 389 F.3d at 448.
In the instant case, the Plaintiff filed the Motion to Remand shortly after removal, and she asserts numerous reasons for requesting a remand. (See Dkt. No. 18; Dkt. No. 18-1 at 5-7 of 13.) Accordingly, the undersigned recommends granting Plaintiff's Motion to Remand (Dkt. No. 18). See United Mine Workers v. Gibbs, 383 U.S. 715, 726, 86 S.Ct. 1130, 16 L.Ed.2d 218 (1966) (" Certainly, if the federal claims are dismissed before trial, even though not insubstantial in a jurisdictional sense, the state claims should be dismissed as well."); United States ex rel. Scott v. Metropolitan Health Corp., 375 F.Supp.2d 626, 647 (W.D. Mich. 2005) (" [T]he strong federal custom . . . has been to dismiss those claims in order to permit state courts to decide their own law, as is their prerogative.");
see also AJP Group, Inc. v. Holmes, Civ. A. No. 4: 13-cv-00611, 2013 WL 3148416, at *2 (D.S.C. June 18, 2013) (" Given that Plaintiff's Amended Complaint states no federal cause of action, the Court finds that the case should be remanded."); Morris v. Joe Gibson Automotive, Inc., Civ. A. No. 7: 08-1739-HMH, 2008 WL 2705000 (D.S.C. July 9, 2008) (granting the plaintiff's motion to amend to remove the sole federal claim, and granting the plaintiff's motion to remand).
It is therefore RECOMMENDED, for the foregoing reasons, that Plaintiff's Motion to Remand (Dkt. No. 18) be GRANTED and that this action be REMANDED to the Court of Common Pleas for Beaufort County, South Carolina.
IT IS SO RECOMMENDED.