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Reeves v. Colvin

United States District Court, District of South Carolina

November 4, 2014

Andy Reeves, Plaintiff,
Carolyn W. Colvin, Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant

For Andy Reeves, Plaintiff: Paul Townsend McChesney, LEAD ATTORNEY, McChesney and McChesney, Spartanburg, SC.

For Commissioner of the Social Security Administration, Defendant: Barbara Murcier Bowens, Raymond Emery Clark, LEAD ATTORNEYS, U.S. Attorneys Office, Columbia, SC.


Joseph F. Anderson, Jr., United States District Judge.

On February 21, 2014, this court reversed the Commissioner's final decision and remanded the case to the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings.[1] Counsel for the plaintiff, Paul McChesney, has now moved for attorney fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). He suggests that because the plaintiff is the prevailing party in this action for social security benefits and that because the position of the Commissioner was not substantially justified, attorney fees are appropriate under EAJA. Counsel seeks an award of fees in the amount of $5, 754.85.[2]

The Commissioner has filed a memorandum opposing the fee petition suggesting that the government's position in this case was substantially justified. The Commissioner takes a fallback position that if the court does award fees, the award should be reduced as the fees are excessive.

Under the EAJA, a court shall award reasonable attorney's fees to a prevailing party[3] in certain civil actions against the United States unless it finds that the government's position was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A) (2010). The government has the burden of proving that its position was substantially justified. Crawford v. Sullivan, 935 F.2d 655, 658 (4th Cir. 1991). " The government's position must be substantially justified in both fact and law." Thompson v. Sullivan, 980 F.2d 280, 281 (4th Cir. 1992). " The Government's position is substantially justified if it is 'justified in substance or in the main--that is, justified to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person.'" Cody v. Caterisano, 631 F.3d 136, 141 (4th Cir. 2011) (quoting Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565, 108 S.Ct. 2541, 101 L.Ed.2d 490 (1988)).

The government need not " win to prove its position substantially justified; 'it can be substantially justified if a reasonable person could think it correct, that is, if it has a reasonable basis in law and fact.'" Cody, 631 F.3d at 141 (quoting Pierce, 487 U.S. at 566 n. 2). " The government's position 'encompass[es] both the agency's prelitigation conduct and the Department of Justice's subsequent litigation position[ ].'" Crawford, 935 F.2d at 656-57 (quoting I.N.S. v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154, 159, 110 S.Ct. 2316, 110 L.Ed.2d 134 (1990)); see also 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(D).

When determining whether the Commissioner's position was substantially justified, the court should avoid an issue-by-issue analysis and should consider the totality of the circumstances. Roanoke River Basin Ass'n v. Hudson, 991 F.2d 132, 138-39 (4th Cir. 1993).

The district court has substantial discretion in fixing the amount of an EAJA award, but must ensure that the final award is reasonable. Hyatt v. Barnhart, 315 F.3d 239, 43 Fed.Appx. 634 (4th Cir. 2002). A request for attorney fees should not result in a second major litigation. Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433, 103 S.Ct. 1933, 76 L.Ed.2d 40 (1983).

This court carefully considered the Report and Recommendation and the Commissioner's objections to the Report, ultimately agreeing with the Magistrate Judge and remanding this action to the Commissioner pursuant to Sentence Four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) for further administrative action.

After carefully reviewing the entire record in this case, including this court's order remanding the action for further proceedings, the court concludes that the Commissioner has not met its burden of showing that its position was substantially justified in this case. This court determined that the ALJ improperly rejected the opinions of Reeves's treating physicians and the examining physician, both of which contained work-preclusive limitations. This court thus determined that the ALJ had disregarded well established precedent in this Circuit regarding the weight to be afforded to such medical providers.

In attempting to support the ALJ's decision, the Commissioner repeated the findings of the ALJ and provided post hoc rationalizations in an attempt to provide a basis for the ALJ's rejection of the opinions.

The Commissioner also objects to the amount of attorney fees requested contending that the fees are excessive. The court has conducted the necessary review and finds that the hours expended and the hourly rate sought for both the attorneys and the paralegal overlap somewhat. For example, the paralegal spent 8.0 hours reviewing and responding to the Commissioner's brief, while counsel spent 7.0 hours researching for, editing and drafting the same. This court has determined that the paralegal hours should be reduced on this task from 8 to 4 hours. In addition, in his reply to the government's motion, counsel for the plaintiff agrees to reduce the paralegal hours by .50 for the time she spent drafting the complaint, summons and civil cover sheet. Accordingly, the total amount of time requested by the paralegal shall be reduced from 30.5 to 26 hours at the rate of $90.63 per hour for a new total of $2, 356.38.

The plaintiff is hereby awarded fees in the amount of $5, 347.01, representing 16.5 hours of attorney work at the rate of $181.25 an hour ($2, 990.63) and 26 hours of paralegal ...

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