United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Anderson/Greenwood Division
ORDER AND OPINION
J. MICHELLE CHILDS, District Judge.
Plaintiff Bernard McFadden ("Plaintiff") filed this pro se action alleging a conspiracy by Defendants Cynthia York, Classification Officer of Kershaw Correctional Institution; Cecilia Reynolds, Warden of Kershaw Correctional Institution ("KCI"); L. Miller, Lieutenant of KCI; John or Jane Doe, Clerk U.S. District Court; and JC Gaston, Grievance Hearing Officer (collectively "Defendants") to deny Plaintiff his First Amendment right to petition, deny Plaintiff his Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protection based on gender, and to retaliate against Plaintiff via a hostile prison environment. (ECF No. 1.) This matter is before the court on Defendants York, Reynolds, and Miller's Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 42), Defendant Gaston's Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 64), and Plaintiff's Motion to Continue (ECF No. 78) and Motions to Compel (ECF Nos. 92, 93).
In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.02, the matter was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Bruce Howe Hendricks and reassigned on December 2, 2013, to United States Magistrate Judge Jacquelyn D. Austin for pre-trial handling. On October 21, 2013, Judge Hendricks issued a Report and Recommendation ("Hendricks Report") recommending the court summarily dismiss the case as to Defendant Doe. (ECF No. 10.) On July 8, 2014, Judge Austin issued a Report and Recommendation ("Austin Report") recommending the court grant Defendants York, Reynolds, and Miller's Motion for Summary Judgment and Defendant Gaston's Motion to Dismiss, and deny Plaintiff's motions. (ECF No. 94.) This review considers Plaintiff's Objections to Magistrate Bruce Howe Hendricks' October 21st, 2013 Report and Recommendation ("Hendricks Objections"), filed November 25, 2013, (ECF No. 19), and Plaintiff's Objections to Austin's Report and Recommendation ("Austin Objections"), filed July 28, 2014 (ECF No. 98). For the reasons set forth herein, the court ACCEPTS the magistrate judges' Reports. The court thereby GRANTS Defendants York, Reynolds, and Miller's Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 42) and Defendant Gaston's Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 64), DISMISSES the action against Defendant Doe, and DENIES Plaintiff's Motion to Continue (ECF No. 78) and Motions to Compel (ECF Nos. 92, 93) as moot.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
The facts viewed in the light most favorable to Plaintiff are discussed in the Reports. ( See ECF Nos. 10, 94.) The court concludes, upon its own careful review of the record, that the magistrate judges' factual summations are accurate and incorporates them by reference. The court will only recite herein facts pertinent to the analysis of Plaintiff's Objections.
Plaintiff is incarcerated at KCI. (ECF No. 1 at 2.) Plaintiff filed the Complaint on August 22, 2013, alleging Defendants are violating his First and Fourteenth Amendment rights, discriminating against him based on gender and heterosexual preference. ( Id. ) Plaintiff claims Defendants are denying him permission to participate in a work release program and are keeping him in a hostile prison environment due to his sexual preference and in retaliation for previous litigation. ( Id. ) Plaintiff further alleges this conspiracy stems from Plaintiff's decision to go to trial rather than plead guilty to a second degree burglary charge "wherein a bisexual female detective Irene Culick blood staged a crime scene." ( Id. ) Plaintiff seeks "an unspecified amount of monetary damages, " and injunctive relief. ( Id. at 8.)
On October 21, 2013, Judge Hendricks issued the Hendricks Report, recommending the court dismiss the case as to Defendant Doe. (ECF No. 10.) Judge Hendricks found that Plaintiff has failed to allege a claim against Defendant Doe, an unknown clerk at the U.S. District Court. ( Id. at 5.) Judge Hendricks found that the claim should be dismissed based on Defendant Doe's absolute quasi-judicial immunity, which protects clerks and other non-judicial officers from facing suits when "performing tasks so integral or intertwined with the judicial process that these persons are considered an arm of the judicial officer who is immune." ( Id. at 6, quoting Bush v. Rauch, 38 F.3d 842, 847 (6th Cir. 1994).) Judge Hendricks noted that the actions alleged against Defendant Doe were acts "having in integral relationship with the judicial process" and thus were protected by this absolute immunity. ( Id. at 7.) Plaintiff timely filed his Hendricks Objections on November 25, 2013. (ECF No. 19.)
On February 10, 2014, Defendants Miller, Reynolds, and York filed a Motion for Summary Judgment. (ECF No. 42.) Eight days later, the same Defendants filed a Motion for a Protective Order due to Plaintiff's numerous discovery requests regarding irrelevant and personal facts regarding, among other things, Defendants' sexual preferences and activities and marital statuses. (ECF No. 48.) Judge Austin granted Defendants' motion on February 21, 2014, prohibiting Plaintiff from serving any further discovery requests on Defendants York, Reynolds, and Miller. (ECF No. 49.) Defendant Gaston filed a Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim on March 19, 2014. (ECF No. 64.) Despite being granted additional time to respond ( see ECF Nos. 67, 73), Plaintiff has not filed a response to either the Motion for Summary Judgment or Motion to Dismiss, but instead has filed several motions to continue in light of several denied discovery motions and several motions to compel discovery, despite warnings from Judge Austin that these orders are in violation of the Protective Order. ( Id. at 2; see also ECF Nos. 56, 82, 89.) Plaintiff's Motion to Continue (ECF No. 78), filed on May 29, 2014, and Motions to Compel (ECF Nos. 92, 93), filed June 30, 2014, and July 2, 2014, are still pending before this court. On July 8, 2014, Judge Austin filed the Austin Report, recommending the court grant Defendants York, Reynolds, and Miller's Motion for Summary Judgment and Defendant Gaston's Motion to Dismiss, and deny Plaintiff's Motion to Continue and Motions to Compel. (ECF No. 94.)
In the Austin Report, Judge Austin found that Plaintiff fails to present an equal protection argument, as he "has put forth no evidence that he was treated differently from any other inmate." ( Id. at 13.) Further, Judge Austin found Plaintiff has failed to allege facts showing "any retaliatory action or any nexus" between Plaintiff's filing of previous lawsuits and the alleged actions. ( Id. at 15.) Judge Austin also found that "[t]he accusations against Gaston in the Complaint are minimal at best." ( Id. at 16.) Further, as Judge Austin found that Plaintiff fails to allege a constitutional violation, Defendants are entitled to qualified immunity, which protects government officials performing discretionary functions from civil damage suits as long as the conduct alleged does not "violate clearly established rights of which a reasonable person would have known." ( Id., quoting Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 818 (1982).) Finally, Judge Austin found that, in the alternative to granting summary judgment and dismissal, dismissal of the action for discovery abuses by Plaintiff was appropriate. ( Id. at 18-24.) Judge Austin noted that Plaintiff continued to file discovery requests and motions to compel discovery regarding "irrelevant and offensive" matters, despite repeated warnings to stop. ( Id. at 18-20.) Judge Austin found that Plaintiff's actions demonstrated that (1) Plaintiff acted in bad faith, (2) Plaintiff's noncompliance caused prejudice to Defendants, (3) dismissal would deter the actions, (4) less drastic sanctions would be ineffective, and (4) Plaintiff had a history of deliberately proceeding in a dilatory fashion, and thus dismissal is appropriate. ( Id. at 18-24, citing Mut. Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass'n, 872 F.2d 88, 92 (4th Cir. 1989); Chandler Leasing Corp. v. Lopez, 669 F.2d 919, 920 (4th Cir. 1982).)
Plaintiff timely filed his Austin Objections on July 28, 2014. (ECF No. 98.)
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The magistrate judges' Reports are made in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Civil Rule 73.02 for the District of South Carolina. The magistrate judges make only recommendations to this court. The recommendations have no presumptive weight. The responsibility to make a final determination remains with this court. See Matthews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). This court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the Reports to which specific objections are made, and the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the magistrate judges' recommendations, or recommit the matter with instructions. See 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1).
Objections to a Report and Recommendation must specifically identify portions of the Report and the basis for those objections. Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b). "[I]n the absence of a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation.'" Diamond v. Colonial Life & Acc. Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 316 (4th Cir. 2005) (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 72 advisory committee's note). Failure to timely file specific written objections to a Report will result in a waiver of the right to appeal from an Order from the court based upon the Report. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 155 (1985); Wright v. Collins, 766 F.2d 841 (4th Cir. 1985); United States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91, 94 (4th Cir. 1984). If the plaintiff fails to properly object because the objections lack the requisite specificity, then de novo review by the court is not required.
As Plaintiff is a pro se litigant, the court is required to liberally construe his arguments. Gordon v. Leeke, 574 F.2d 1147, 1151 (4th Cir. 1978). The court addresses those arguments that, under the mandated liberal construction, it has reasonably found to ...