United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Orangeburg Division
September 5, 2014
PEARL T. GRANT, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, Defendant.
TERRY L. WOOTEN, Chief District Judge.
On April 2, 2014, Plaintiff Pearl T. Grant brought a motion for attorney's fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412, on the basis that the Commissioner's position in this action was not substantially justified. (Doc. #28). The motion seeks reimbursement for counsel's representation in the above-captioned matter in the amount of $2, 359.84 (representing $184.76 per hour for 1.1 hours in 2013 and $187.53 per hour for 11.5 hours in 2014). Plaintiff also submitted a signed affidavit assigning her fee award to her attorney. The Commissioner filed a response on April 18, 2014, stating that she does not object to Plaintiff's motion and that she would accept the assignment and pay the fees directly to Plaintiff's counsel if it is shown that, at the time of this Order, Plaintiff owed no offset-qualifying debt to the government. (Doc. #29).
Under the EAJA, a court shall award attorney's fees to a prevailing party in certain civil actions against the United States unless the court finds that the government's position was substantially justified or special circumstances make an award unjust. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). To determine whether the Commissioner was "substantially justified" in terminating social security benefits and thus whether an award of attorney's fees under the EAJA is warranted, the Court asks whether there was arguably substantial evidence to support the Commissioner's position. Anderson v. Heckler , 756 F.2d 1011 (4th Cir. 1984).
An award of fees or costs under the EAJA is payable to the party rather than to the attorney. Astrue v. Ratliff , 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2524 (2010). However, nothing in Ratliff divests the Commissioner of her discretion to pay the party's attorney directly where there is no debt owed to the government or funds remain after satisfaction of such debt, and the party has assigned the award to counsel. See, e.g., Walker v. Astrue, No. 2:09-cv-960-TFM , 2011 WL 1297744, at *2 (M.D. Ala. Apr. 5, 2011) ("While Ratliff generally confirms that attorney's fee awards under the EAJA are payable to the prevailing party'-the litigant-and are thus subject to offset any debt owed by such litigant to the United States, the opinion does not explicitly reject the practice of awarding fees to attorneys where the litigant has assigned the right to receive such fees directly.").
After careful consideration of the filings by the parties, the Court concludes that the Commissioner's position was not substantially justified and that the requested fees should be awarded. Accordingly, the Court hereby ORDERS that Plaintiff's Motion for Attorney's Fees Pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act is GRANTED, and the Commissioner is ordered to award Plaintiff $2, 359.84 in attorney's fees. (Doc. #28). If the Commissioner determines that Plaintiff owed no offset-qualifying debt to the government on the date of entry of this Order, the Commissioner may honor Plaintiff's signed assignment of fees to her counsel.
IT IS SO ORDERED.