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Missouri v. Spivey

United States District Court, D. South Carolina, Charleston Division

August 29, 2014

Elijah Missouri, Plaintiff,
Peggy Spivey, Kershaw County, Crystal Rufus-Hodge, Susan Lopez, and Southern Health Partners, Defendants.


RICHARD M. GERGEL, District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Defendants' Motions to Dismiss. (Dkt. Nos. 32 and 33). As explained herein, the Court adopts the Magistrate's Report and Recommendation and GRANTS Defendants' motions. Plaintiffs federal claims are therefore dismissed, and the pendant state claims are remanded to the Court of Common Claims.

I. Background

This case is a civil action filed by an individual previously held as a pretrial detainee at the Kershaw County Detention Center ("KCDC"). Plaintiff filed suit on January 22, 2013, alleging federal causes of action for deprivation of constitutional rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, as well as state common law and constitutional claims. (Dkt. No.1). Defendants filed a notice of removal to this Court based on federal question jurisdiction on May 15, 2013. Because Plaintiff abandoned his requests for injunctive relief under state and federal constitutional law (Dkt. No. 53 at 1), two claims remain before this Court, one for damages under Section 1983, and one for damages under a gross negligence theory against Kershaw County and South Carolina Health Partners ("SHP").

Plaintiff named five defendants. Defendant Susan Lopez works as a nurse for South Carolina Health Partners, which is contracted to provide medical care to detainees at KCDC. Defendants Peggy Spivey and Crystal Rufus-Hodge are the Director and Deputy Director of the KCDC, respectively. Defendants South Carolina Health Partners and Lopez (collectively the Southern Health defendants) filed a Motion for Summary Judgment (Dkt. No. 32) on November 26, 2013, and Defendants Kershaw County, Rufus-Hodge and Spivey (the County defendants) filed another Motion for Summary Judgment (Dkt. No. 33) on the same day.

Magistrate Judge Rogers filed a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") on July 16, 2014, recommending that the federal claims be dismissed and the pendant state law claims remanded to the Kershaw County Court of Common Pleas. On August 4, 2014, the Southern Health defendants entered an objection to the R&R, requesting that the state claims be dismissed with prejudice rather than remanded to state court. On the same day, the County defendants entered an objection to the R&R, also asking that the Court grant summary judgment on the state claim. Plaintiffs filed no objections to the R&R. For the reasons to follow, the Court adopts the R&R in whole.

II. Discussion

A. Standard of Review

Summary judgment is appropriate if a party "shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact" and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). In other words, summary judgment should be granted "only when it is clear that there is no dispute concerning either the facts of the controversy or the inferences to be drawn from those facts." Pulliam Inv. Co. v. Cameo Props., 810 F.2d 1282, 1286 (4th Cir. 1987). "In determining whether a genuine issue has been raised, the court must construe all inferences and ambiguities in favor of the nonmoving party." HealthSouth Rehab. Hosp. v. Am. Nat'l Red Cross, 101 F.3d 1005, 1008 (4th Cir. 1996). The party seeking summary judgment shoulders the initial burden of demonstrating to the court that there is no genuine issue of material fact. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986).

Once the moving party has made this threshold demonstration, the non-moving party, to survive the motion for summary judgment, may not rest on the allegations averred in his pleadings. Id. at 324. Rather, the non-moving party must demonstrate that specific, material facts exist that give rise to a genuine issue. Id. Under this standard, "[c]onclusory or speculative allegations do not suffice, nor does a mere scintilla of evidence'" in support of the non-moving party's case. Thompson v. Potomac Elec. Power Co., 312 F.3d 645, 649 (4th Cir. 2002) (quoting Phillips v. CSX Transp., Inc., 190 F.3d 285, 287 (4th Cir. 1999)).

The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this Court. The recommendation has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility for making a final determination remains with this Court. Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261, 270-71 (1976). This Court is charged with making a de novo determination of those portions of the R&R to which specific objection is made. Additionally, the Court may "accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This Court may also "receive further evidence or recommit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions." Id.

B. Section 1983 constitutional claims

Plaintiff alleges a number of facts that he says show that he was continually denied medical treatment after falling in a shower "on or about" September 10, 2012. The facts section of his response to the motions for summary judgment duplicate the allegations in his complaint; most relevantly, that after his fall, Plaintiff's shoulder and thumb were "dislocated" and his spine was "fractured, " (Dkt. No. 53-1 at 2), and that he "requested medical treatment in writing on September 12, 2012, " "was not given medical treatment until September 13, 2012, " was "not allowed to see a physician until September 20, 2012, " and "did not receive x-rays for another six days." He also alleges that Dr. Cunningham, the physician who examined and treated him throughout the complained-of period, referred him to a specialist, who he was not allowed to see, and gave him physical exercises consisting of arm rotations and pushups, which are "extremely painful, " and cause "popping and grinding noises." ( Id. at 2-4).

Plaintiff attached approximately 120 pages of exhibits to his responses to the motions to dismiss, all of which are medical records or grievances filed by Plaintiff with the detention center. However, the Magistrate found, and the Court agrees, that they are void of support for the continuous mistreatment or lack of treatment alleged in his recitation of facts. The records submitted show that Plaintiff was examined two or three days after his fall (September 13, 2012), was found to have no visible injuries, swelling, or bruising, and was prescribed ibuprofen the pain he described. (Dkt. No. 53-5 at 2). He was X-rayed on September 21, 2012, eleven days after the alleged fall, and diagnosed with "degenerative" (i.e. age-related) (Dkt. No. 53-4 at 2) change in his spine and muscle spasm. An MRI performed in December 2012 by another doctor, Yasseen Kuzbary, resulted in a consistent diagnosis - "mild degenerative" changes in the spinal cord, but no mention of dislocation or fracture. (Dkt. No. 53-32 at 7). Additional records show Plaintiff being seen for "headache" (Dkt. No. 53-27 at 3) in November 2012, and being treated in October of 2013 for "back pain" (Dkt. No. 53-32 at 22). He also received an MRI in December 2013, for "continued care." ( Id. at 9). His physician, Dr. Cunningham, submitted a detailed affidavit averring that Plaintiff received medical care that was as prompt as was practicable, and continually responsive to his complaints. (Dkt. No. 32-3 at 2-6). Judging from the long list of exams, prescriptions, and treatment in the record, the Court agrees. There is simply nothing in Plaintiff's medical record to support his allegation that he had a dislocated shoulder or fractures in his spine and hand, and ...

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