The opinion of the court was delivered by: Moss, Justice.
Thomas & Howard Company of Conway, the respondent herein, commenced this action in "The Civil Court of Horry" against Marion Lumber Company, the appellant, a domestic corporation with its principal place of business in Marion, South Carolina, to recover damages alleged to have been sustained by the respondent on account of a collision between a truck owned by it and a truck of the appellant.
The appellant served due notice of a motion to transfer the case from the Civil Court of Horry to the Court of Common Pleas of Marion County, South Carolina, upon the grounds (1) that the appellant is a domestic corporation, with its legal residence in Marion County, and that it has no place of business, office, agent or property in the County of Horry and does not conduct any business in said County, and, (2) the convenience of witnesses and the ends of justice would be promoted by such change of venue. The motion was supported by an affidavit of an officer of the appellant which, without dispute, shows that Marion Lumber Company is a domestic corporation with its place of business in Marion, South Carolina, and that it has no place of business, office, agent or property in Horry County, that it has no business operations in Horry County, except that it makes occasional deliveries there of lumber purchased from its plant in Marion, South Carolina. The respondent did not submit any affidavit disputing the contents of the affidavit submitted in behalf of the appellant, and there is nothing in the record to overcome the showing made by the appellant.
The motion to change the venue from the Civil Court of Horry to the Court of Common Pleas for Marion County, South Carolina was heard by the Judge of such Civil Court of Horry and, without making any findings of fact, a formal order was issued denying the motion. The case is before this Court on an appeal from the order of the lower Court. It becomes necessary for us to pass only upon the question of whether the lower Court committed error in refusing to transfer this case from the Civil Court of Horry to Marion County because it does not appear that the corporation owns property and transacts its corporate business in Horry County.
This Court has held in numerous cases that the right of a defendant in a civil action to trial in the county of his residence, assured under Section 10-303, Code of Laws of South Carolina 1952, is a substantial one. Dison v. Wimbly, 230 S.C. 187, 94 S.E.2d 877; Wood v. Lea, 219 S.C. 409, 65 S.E.2d 669; McCauly v. McLeod, 230 S.C. 380, 95 S.E.2d 611.
It is provided in Section 10-421 of the 1952 Code of Laws of South Carolina, as follows:
"* * * that, in the case of domestic corporations, service as effected under the terms of this section shall be effective and confer jurisdiction over any domestic corporation in any county where such domestic corporation shall own property and transact business, regardless of whether or not such domestic corporation maintains an office or has agents in that county."
Since it appears that the appellant is a domestic corporation with its principal place of business, office and agents in Marion, South Carolina, its legal residence is in said county. It should be sued in that county unless it appears that the corporation owns property and transacts its corporate business in Horry County, so as to give the Courts of that county jurisdiction. The record does not show that the appellant owns any property in Horry County. The affidavit in behalf of the appellant shows that it only makes occasional deliveries of lumber in Horry County when such is purchased from its plant in Marion, South Carolina.
In the case of Hopkins v. Sun Crest Bottling Co., 228 S.C. 287, 89 S.E.2d 755, 756, an action was brought for damages in Darlington County resulting from the collision of trucks. It appeared that the Bottling Company had its principal place of business in Florence County and sold its bottled soft drinks in Darlington County under an arrangement whereby customers made deposits on bottles and crates and received their deposits back when crates and bottles were returned. This Court held that the Bottling Company did not own property in Darlington County within the meaning of the statute providing that service on a domestic corporation in any county, where it shall own property and transact business, shall be effective and confer jurisdiction over the corporation. The lower Court held that the Bottling Company was subject to the jurisdiction, and suable in, the Court of Common Pleas for Darlington County, upon the ground that it owns property and transacts business in such county. This Court, in reversing such holding, said:
"We seek the legislative intent in providing that a domestic corporation may be sued in any county where it owns property and transacts its business. The clearest statement that can be found, as it bears upon the facts of this case, is in Brown v. Palmetto Baking Co., 220 S.C. 38, 66 S.E.2d 417, 420, where we clearly indicated that not all property temporarily in a county was `property' within the proviso of Section 10-421. In that case, Palmetto Baking Company, a domestic baking company, sold its baking products from a truck regularly operated in Williamsburg County, but we held that the truck and its contents, used in making sales and deliveries to retailers in the county, was not sufficient to render the company subject to suit in that county. The following apt observation was made by Mr. Justice Stukes, who authored the opinion:
"`* * * the ownership of property in the county, is not met by ownership of the truck by which respondent's wares were peddled or delivered from another county. If the contrary were held, ownership of a single vehicle might furnish venue in a number or all, of the counties at once, which shows the unsoundness of the appellant's position thereabout.'"
It is provided in Section 10-301 of the 1952 Code of Laws of South Carolina that certain actions in relation to real and personal property must be tried in the county where the subject of the action, or some part thereof, is situated; Section 10-302 of the Code provides that certain other cases, none of which are pertinent to the present case, must be tried in the County where the cause of action or some part thereof arose. It is then provided in Section 10-303 of the Code that "In all other cases the action shall be tried in the county in which the defendant resides at the time of the commencement of the action."
We must conclude that the appellant, Marion Lumber Co., is a resident of Marion County, South Carolina, and is not, under the showing here made, subject to suit in the Civil Court of Horry because the appellant does not own ...