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DARGAN v. RICHARDSON ET AL.

March 26, 1956

ESTHER G. DARGAN, RESPONDENT,
v.
A.A. RICHARDSON, AS CHIEF GAME WARDEN FOR THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, AND TOM M. CANNON, SR., CHARLES MCNEILL AND H.E. GRAINGER, AS COUNTY GAME WARDENS FOR HORRY COUNTY, APPELLANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Taylor, Justice.

March 26, 1956.

Plaintiff is the owner of certain lands in Horry County whereupon she has excavated and created certain fish ponds which are supplied by water both from natural sources and through pumping from the intracoastal waterway in such a way that they are entirely segregated from other waters. These ponds have been stocked with fish and persons desiring to fish therein are permitted to do so upon the payment of a fee to Respondent.

Appellants caused to be arrested certain of Respondent's patrons, both residents and nonresidents of this State, who were charged with violation of Sections 28-551 and 28-554, Code of Laws of South Carolina 1952, which relates to persons fishing with artificial tackle in the fresh waters of this State. A temporary restraining Order was issued by the Judge of the Civil Court of Horry County, restraining Appellants from interfering with Plaintiff's patrons. After taking testimony and hearing arguments this Order was made permanent on May 2, 1955.

The pertinent portions of the statutes under consideration read as follows:

Section 28-551: "* * * it shall be unlawful for any person to fish in fresh water of this State by use of * * * manufactured tackle * * * unless he has at first obtained an angler's license. * * *"

Section 28-554: "All nonresidents of this State before fishing for game fish or other fish in any manner in the inland streams or waters of this State, shall first procure a nonresident fishing license, * * *."

Since the adoption of the 1952 Code, these sections have been re-enacted and included as Sections 16 and 17 of Act No. 898 of the 1952 Session of the General Assembly, 47 Stat. at Large, p. 2179, approved April 24, 1952; and reference to the various sections thereof is enlightening in that they provide as follows:

Section 16: All persons fishing in fresh waters of this State, with manufactured tackle, must have a license.

Section 17: All nonresidents fishing in this State must have a license.

Section 21(e): Any person convicted of violating enumerated crimes relative to fish and game shall be prohibited from hunting or fishing within the State of South Carolina.

Section 23: The owners of private ponds may catch fish therein with traps or nets for propagation purposes only by permission from the director.

Section 24: Such owners may not draw the waters from such private ponds or dispose of the fish caught unless under the supervision of the Division of Game.

Section 35: Except landowners and members of his family, hunting or fishing on their own lands or in waters on their lands leased by them * * * provided any employee residing in this State may fish or hunt on the lands of his employer owning or leasing the land * * * provided, further, that the provisions of this section shall not prevent residents ...


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